Aaron - Smith's Bible Dictionary

Aaron. (a teacher, or lofty). The son of Amram and Jochebed, and the older brother of Moses and Miriam. Num 26:59; Num 33:39. (B.C. 1573). He was a Levite, and is first mentioned in Exo 4:14. He was appointed by Jehovah to be the interpreter, Exo 4:16, of his brother Moses, who was "slow of speech;" and accordingly he was not only the organ of communication with the Israelites and with Pharaoh, Exo 4:30; Exo 7:2, but also the actual instrument of working most of the miracles of the Exodus. Exo 7:19, etc.

On the way to Mount Sinai, during the battle with Amalek, Aaron with Hur stayed up the weary hands of Moses when they were lifted up for the victory of Israel. Exo 17:9. He is mentioned as dependent upon his brother and deriving all his authority from him.

Left, on Moses' departure into Sinai, to guide the people, Aaron is tried for a moment on his own responsibility, and he fails from a weak inability to withstand the demand of the people for visible "gods to go before them," by making an image of Jehovah, in the well-known form of Egyptian idolatry (Apis or Mnevis). He repented of his sin, and Moses gained forgiveness for him. Exo 9:20. Aaron was not consecrated by Moses to the new office of the high priesthood. Exo 29:9.

From this time, the history of Aaron is almost entirely that of the priesthood, and its chief feature is the great rebellion of Korah and the Levites. Leaning, as he seems to have done, wholly on Moses, it is not strange that he should have shared his sin at Meribah and its punishment. See Moses. Num 20:10-12.

Aaron's death seems to have followed very speedily. It took place on Mount Hor, after the transference of his robes and office to Eleazar. Num 20:28. This mount is still called the "Mountain of Aaron." See Hor.

The wife of Aaron was Elisheba, Exo 6:23, and the two sons who survived him, Eleazar and Ithamar. The high priesthood descended to the former, and to his descendants until the time of Eli, who, although of the house of Ithamar, received the high priesthood and transmitted it to his children; with them it continued till the accession of Solomon, who took it from Abiathar and restored it to Zadok (of the house of Eleazar). See Abiathar.

Consult other dictionaries:

Aaron - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

Aaron - Dictionary of the Apostolic Church

Aaron - New Catholic Dictionary

Aaron - Catholic Encyclopedia

Aaron - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Aaron - Easton's Bible Dictionary

Aaron - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Aaron - Bridgeway Bible Dictionary

Aaron - A Dictionary Of Christ And The Gospels

Aaron - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Aaron - The Poor Man’s Concordance and Dictionary to the Sacred Scriptures

Aaron - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Aaron - Popular Cyclopedia Biblical Literature

Aaron - Concise Bible Dictionary

Aaron - Nave's Topical Bible

Aaron - People's Dictionary of the Bible

Aaron - Thompson Chain-Reference Bible

Aaron2 - Thompson Chain-Reference Bible

Aaron - Biblical and Theological Dictionary

Aaron - Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types

Smith's Bible Dictionary