Heaven - People's Dictionary of the BibleHeaven. There are four Hebrew words thus rendered in the Old Testament. 1. Râkî'a, A. V. firmament. 2. Shâmayim; used in the expression, "the heaven and the earth," or "the upper and lower regions." Gen 1:1. 3. Mârôm, used for heaven in Psa 18:16; Isa 24:18; Jer 25:30. Properly speaking, it means a mountain, as in Psa 102:19; Eze 17:23. 4. Skechâkîm, "expanses," with reference to the extent of heaven. Deu 33:26; Job 35:5. Paul's expression, "third heaven," 2Co 12:2, has led to much conjecture. Grotius said that the Jews divided the heaven into three parts, viz., 1. The air or atmosphere, where clouds gather. 2. The firmament, in which the sun, moon, and stars are fixed. 3. The upper heaven, the abode of God and his angels.
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People's Dictionary of the Bible
People's Dictionary of the Bible : Describing Persons, Places, Countries, Customs, Birds, Animals, Trees, Plants, Books, Events, and Many Other Things in Holy Scripture.
Edited by Edwin W. Rice. Publication date 1893.