God - People's Dictionary of the BibleGod. The name of the Creator and the supreme Governor of the universe. He is a "Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable in his being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness, and truth." He is revealed to us in his works and providential government, Rom 1:20; but more fully in the Holy Scriptures and in the person and work of his only begotten Son, our Lord. 1. Names. There are three principal designations of God in the Old Testament—Elohim, Jehovah (Javeh), and Adonai. The first is used exclusively in the first chapter of Genesis; chiefly in the second book of Psalms, Psa 42:1-11; Psa 43:1-5; Psa 44:1-26; Psa 45:1-17; Psa 46:1-11; Psa 47:1-9; Psa 48:1-14; Psa 49:1-20; Psa 50:1-23; Psa 51:1-19; Psa 52:1-9; Psa 53:1-6; Psa 54:1-7; Psa 55:1-23; Psa 56:1-13; Psa 57:1-11; Psa 58:1-11; Psa 59:1-17; Psa 60:1-12; Psa 61:1-8; Psa 62:1-12; Psa 63:1-11; Psa 64:1-10; Psa 65:1-13; Psa 66:1-20; Psa 67:1-7; Psa 68:1-35; Psa 69:1-36; Psa 70:1-5; Psa 71:1-24; Psa 72:1-20, called the Elohim Psalms, and occurs alternately with the other names in the other parts of the Old Testament. It expresses his character as the almighty Maker and his relation to the whole world, the Gentiles as well as the Jews. The second is especially used of him in his relation to Israel as the God of the covenant, the God of revelation and redemption. "Adonai," i.e., my Lord, is used where God is reverently addressed, and is always substituted by the Jews for "Jehovah," which they never pronounce. The sacred name Jehovah, or Yahveh, is indiscriminately translated, in the Common Version, God, Lord, and Jehovah. 2. The Nature of God. God is revealed to us as a trinity consisting of three Persons who are of one essence, Mat 28:19; 2Co 13:14; Joh 1:1-3—God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. To the Father is ascribed the work of creation, to the Son the redemption, to the Holy Spirit the sanctification; but all three Persons take part in all the divine works. To each of these Persons of the Trinity are ascribed the essential attributes of the Supreme God. Thus, the Son is represented as the Mediator of the creation. Joh 1:3; Col 1:16; Heb 1:4. 3. The unity of the Godhead is emphasized in the Old Testament, while the trinity is only shadowed forth, or at best faintly brought out. The reason for the emphasis of the unity of the Godhead was to show the fallacy of polytheism and to discourage idolatry, which the heathen practiced. God is denominated "one Lord." Deu 6:4. Over against the false deities of the heathen, he is designated the "living" God. This belief in God as one was a chief mark of the Jewish religion.—Condensed from Schaff.
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People's Dictionary of the Bible
People's Dictionary of the Bible : Describing Persons, Places, Countries, Customs, Birds, Animals, Trees, Plants, Books, Events, and Many Other Things in Holy Scripture.
Edited by Edwin W. Rice. Publication date 1893.