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Earth - Concise Bible Dictionary

Several Hebrew words are translated 'earth,' but they are not employed to distinguish the earth as a sphere from the surface of the earth, or ground; nor to discriminate between the general surface of the earth, and any portion of it as 'land,' or the soil of the earth. Thus adamah generally refers to the earth as ground or soil: the rain falleth on 'the earth,' Gen 7:4; 'an altar of earth,' Exo 20:24; man 'returneth to his earth,' Psa 146:4; but it often refers to the 'land ' of Israel: 'prolong your days upon the land;' 'dwell in the land;' 'live in the land;' 'the land which I sware unto their fathers.' Deu 30:18; Deu 30:20; Deu 31:13; Deu 31:20.

Another word, erets, has wider significations: sometimes the earth as a sphere: "God created the heaven and the earth," Gen 1:1; He "hangeth the earth upon nothing," Job 26:7: but in other places it is restricted to districts: "out of that land went forth Asshur;" "after their tongues in their countries;" "in his days was the earth divided." Gen 10:11; Gen 10:20; Gen 10:25.

In the N.T. the word γῆ is employed for all the above various significations. It is used symbolically as a characteristic of man according to his natural estate. "He that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth." Joh 3:31.

From the above examples it will be seen that in some instances where the A.V. has 'earth,' the 'land' only, or the land of Canaan, may be intended; the context must be studied in each case.

Consult other dictionaries:

Earth - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

Earth - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Earth - Easton's Bible Dictionary

Earth - Synonyms of the Old Testament

Earth - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Earth - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Earth - The Poor Man’s Concordance and Dictionary to the Sacred Scriptures

Earth - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Earth - Popular Cyclopedia Biblical Literature

Earth - Nave's Topical Bible

Earth - People's Dictionary of the Bible

Earth - Smith's Bible Dictionary

Earth - A Symbolical Dictionary

Earth - Thompson Chain-Reference Bible

Earth - Vine's Dictionary of New Testament Words

Earth - Biblical and Theological Dictionary

Earth - Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types

Concise Bible Dictionary