H4910 - Strong's Master Concordance

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance [Enhanced]

מָשַׁל (mâshalmaw-shal'verbrule)
[Heb] מָשַׁל ETCBC: משׁל‎ (verb|rule) OSHL: m.dw.aa TWOT: 1259 GK: H5440
Derivation: a primitive root;
Strong's: to rule
KJV: (have, make to have) dominion, governor, [idiom] indeed, reign, (bear, cause to, have) rule(-ing, -r), have power.

Lexicon of Extended Strongs for Greek and Hebrew

מָשַׁל [H:V] to rule

1) to rule, have dominion, reign
1a) (Qal) to rule, have dominion
1b) (Hiphil)
1b1) to cause to rule
1b2) to exercise dominion

Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures

Gesenius: מָשַׁל (H4910 in 17 WLC links below)

fut. יִמְשֹׂל.-

(1) to make like, to assimilate (Arab. مشل Aram. ܡܬܠܰ id.) see Niph. Hiph. and the noun מָשָׁל similitude, parable, etc. hence-(a) to put forth a parable, Eze 24:3.-(b) to use a proverb, Eze 12:23 Eze 17:2 Eze 18:2 , Eze 18:3.-(c) to sing a song of derision, Joe 2:17. Part. משְׁלִים poets, Num 21:27.

(2) to rule, to have dominion, Jos 12:2 Pro 12:24 followed by בְּ of the thing ruled over, Gen 3:16 Gen 4:7 more rarely followed by עַל Pro 28:15 followed by a gerund, to have power of doing anything, Exo 21:8. With a dat. of benefit, Isa 40:10, זְרֹעֹו משְׁלָה לֹו “his arm ruleth for him.” Sometimes i.q. to be over anything, Gen 24:2. Part. משֵׁל lord, ruler, Gen 45:8 plur. lords, rulers, princes, and in a bad sense tyrants, Isa 14:5 Isa 28:14 Isa 49:7 Isa 52:5 compare נְדִיבִים Isa 13:2.

Learned men have made many attempts to reconcile the significations of making like, and ruling; see Schultens on Pro 1:1 Michaëlis on Lowth, De Sacra Poësi, p.41; Simonis in Lex. etc. However I have no doubt but that from the signification of making like, is derived that of judging, forming an opinion (compare דִּמָּה, and Eth. መሰለ፡ to think, to suppose, to think fit), which is nearly allied to the notion of giving sentence, ordering, ruling (compare טַעַם). Another explanation, approved of by Winer in Lex. p. 585, was given in my smaller Lexicon, editt. 2 and 3, but this is decidedly better. This notion of ruling, which is not found in this root in the other Phœnicio-Shemitic languages [except the Phœnician] seems to have passed over to the Greek, in which βασιλεύς, βασιλεύω has no root in that language.

Niphal, prop. to be compared; hence to be like any thing, followed by אֶל Isa 14:10 עִם Psa 28:1 Psa 143:7 בְּ Psa 49:13, 21 Ps4 9:21.

Piel, i.q. Kal No. 1, a, to use parables, Eze 21:5.


(1) to compare, Isa 46:5.

(2) to cause to rule, to give dominion, Psa 8:7 Dan 11:39. Inf. subst. הַמְשֵׁל dominion, Job 25:2.

Hithpael, i.q. Niphal, to become like, followed by בְּ Job 30:19.

Derived nouns, מִמְשָׁל, מֶמְשֶׁלֶת, and those which immediately follow.

Strong's Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries




A primitive root; to rule: - (have, make to have) dominion, governor, X indeed, reign, (bear, cause to, have) rule (-ing, -r), have power.

Gematria Dictionary



[H3673, H4911, H4912, H4913, H4914, H4915, H6131, H6132, H6133, H6134, H6135, H6136, H6207, H6211, H6484, H6730, H6810, H6811, H6852, H6853, H6882, H7026, H7167, H7168, H7554, H7555, H7930]

Brown-Driver-Briggs' Hebrew Definitions, Thayer's Greek Definitions and Strong's Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Combined

Original: משׁל

Transliteration: mâshal

Phonetic: maw-shal'

BDB Definition:

  1. to rule, have dominion, reign
    1. (Qal) to rule, have dominion
    2. (Hiphil)
      1. to cause to rule
      2. to exercise dominion

Origin: a primitive root

TWOT entry: 1259

Part(s) of speech: Verb

Strong's Definition: A primitive root; to rule: - (have, make to have) dominion, governor, X indeed, reign, (bear, cause to, have) rule (-ing, -r), have power.

Total KJV Occurrences: 81

and to rule (1)
Gen 1:18

and he shall rule (1)
Gen 3:16

and thou shalt rule (1)
Gen 4:7

that ruled over (1)
Gen 24:2

over us or shalt thou indeed (1)
Gen 37:8

have dominion (1)
Gen 37:8

and a ruler (1)
Gen 45:8

and he is governor (1)
Gen 45:26

he shall have no power (1)
Exo 21:8

and thou shalt reign (1)
Deu 15:6

but they shall not reign (1)
Deu 15:6

and ruled (1)
Jos 12:2

and reigned (1)
Jos 12:5

rule (3)
Jdg 8:22; Jdg 8:23; Isa 3:12

unto them i will not rule (1)
Jdg 8:23

shall rule (4)
Jdg 8:23; Isa 3:4; Isa 19:4; Isa 40:10

reign (2)
Jdg 9:2; Jdg 9:2

had dominion (1)
Jdg 14:4

are rulers (1)
Jdg 15:11

to me he that ruleth (1)
2Sa 23:3

ruling (1)
2Sa 23:3

reigned (1)
1Ki 4:21

and thou reignest (1)
1Ch 29:12

to be ruler (1)
2Ch 7:18

and he reigned (1)
2Ch 9:26

and rulest (1)
2Ch 20:6

and the governors (1)
2Ch 23:20

also they have dominion (1)
Neh 9:37

dominion (1)
Job 25:2

thou madest him to have dominion (1)
Psa 8:6

sins let them not have dominion (1)
Psa 19:13

and he is the governor (1)
Psa 22:28

ruleth (3)
Psa 59:13; Psa 103:19; Pro 22:7

he ruleth (1)
Psa 66:7

thou rulest (1)
Psa 89:9

him even the ruler (1)
Psa 105:20

and ruler (1)
Psa 105:21

them ruled (1)
Psa 106:41

or ruler (1)
Pro 6:7

shall bear rule (1)
Pro 12:24

and he that ruleth (1)
Pro 16:32

shall have rule (1)
Pro 17:2

to have rule (1)
Pro 19:10

with a ruler (1)
Pro 23:1

ruler (2)
Pro 28:15; Jer 51:46

beareth rule (1)
Pro 29:2

if a ruler (1)
Pro 29:12

the ruler's (1)
Pro 29:26

of him that ruleth (1)
Ecc 9:17

of the ruler (1)
Ecc 10:4

of the rulers (1)
Isa 14:5

to the ruler (1)
Isa 16:1

that rule (1)
Isa 28:14

of rulers (1)
Isa 49:7

they that rule (1)
Isa 52:5

barest rule (1)
Isa 63:19

and ruling (1)
Jer 22:30

shall be of themselves and their governor (1)
Jer 30:21

to be rulers (1)
Jer 33:26

against ruler (1)
Jer 51:46

have ruled (1)
Lam 5:8

of them that bare rule (1)
Eze 19:11

to rule (1)
Eze 19:14

that shall rule (1)
Dan 11:3

which he ruled (1)
Dan 11:4

above him and have dominion (1)
Dan 11:5

and he shall cause them to rule (1)
Dan 11:39

but he shall have power (1)
Dan 11:43

should rule over (1)
Joe 2:17

unto me that is to be ruler (1)
Mic 5:2

that have no ruler (1)
Hab 1:14

and rule (1)
Zec 6:13

Strong's Master Concordance