Earth - Popular Cyclopedia Biblical LiteratureBesides the ordinary senses of the word or words rendered 'earth' in our translation—namely, as denoting mold, the surface of the earth, and the terrestrial globe—there are others in Scripture which require to be discriminated.
1. 'The earth' denotes 'the inhabitants of the earth' (Gen 6:11; Gen 11:1).
2. Heathen countries, as distinguished from the land of Israel, especially during the theocracy, i.e. all the rest of the world excepting Israel (2Ki 18:25; 2Ch 13:9, etc.).
3. In the New Testament especially, 'the earth' appears in our translation as applied to the land of Judea. As in many of these passages it might seem as if the habitable globe were intended, the use of so ambiguous a term as 'the earth' should have been avoided, and the original rendered by 'the land,' as in Lev 25:23; Isa 10:23; and elsewhere. This is the sense which the original bears in Mat 23:35; Mat 27:45; Mar 15:33; Luk 4:25; Luk 21:23; Rom 9:28; Jam 5:17.
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Popular Cyclopedia Biblical Literature
John Kitto (1804 – 1854) was an English biblical scholar of Cornish descent.
Dr. John Kitto's encyclopedia was the first Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia to have experts in each subject share their knowledge. Many subsequent Bible dictionaries and encyclopedias reference Kitto's work.