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Verses of Luke 3

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Luke 3:1 Commentary - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

§ 15. JOHN THE BAPTIST’S MINISTRY, Luk 3:1-18 ; Mat 3:1-12; Mar 1:1-8.

From his visit to Jerusalem and the temple, the boy Jesus returned to his mountain home of Nazareth, and probably wrought at his father’s trade as a carpenter. About five years after the return, when Jesus was seventeen years of age, the news came doubtless to Nazareth from Rome, the conquering capital of the world, that Augustus Cesar, emperor of Rome, and acknowledged master of the nations, after a reign of forty years, had gone to the grave. In his young days Augustus had been an unscrupulous and bloody man, for the sake of winning the empire. But when it was attained he became a just and a beneficent ruler, and brought the nations of the world to peace. Thus he, like John the Baptist, though in a different manner, prepared the way for the Prince of Peace. Little knew the proud emperor that he was but the preparer for the boy of Nazareth.

1. Now As in his preface, Luk 1:1-3, so here, Luke exhibits the true historical spirit. Christianity is a religion of facts. It stands in its place in history. It is neither theory, nor legend, nor myth. Here are its dates, and during the rule of these princes, and in the localities here designated, the commencing events of our religion transpired in open historic day. The challenge is thus boldly given to learned criticism to invalidate the record. Learned criticism has tried its best, and it has totally and signally failed. Luke’s chronology is triumphant over every assault, and is in every point TRUE.

Reign of Tiberius Cesar He was the cruel and sensual successor of Augustus in the empire of Rome. Reckoning the fifteen years from the death of Augustus, when Jesus was seventeen years of age, Jesus would be thirty-two years of age. But as in fact he was but about thirty, it is beyond doubt that Luke reckons in this fifteen years the two years in which Tiberius reigned in connection with Augustus.

Pontius Pilate See note on Mat 27:2.

Herod being tetrarch See note on Mat 14:1-12.

Philip tetrarch See note on Mat 14:1.

Iturea The name of the modern province of Jedur, in the Old Testament Jetur, was prolonged in pronunciation by the Greeks, in the day of their predominance, into the euphonius Iturea. Our reader will find it on the map, a tract about thirty miles long and twenty-five broad, lying between the Damascus region on the north, Batanea on the south, the Hermon range of mountains on the west, and the rough Trachonitis on the east. Jetur (1Ch 1:31; 1Ch 5:9) was the name of one of the sons of Ishmael, and thence of his Ishmaelitish tribe who settled this locality. Though this tract in the course of centuries was conquered by different occupants, much of the old stock remained. Aristobulus, king of Judea, about B.C. 100, subdued and compelled them to accept the Jewish faith. Herod the Great, in dividing his kingdom, left Iturea as part of a tetrarchy to his son Philip.

Trachonitis Lay on the east of Iturea.

Abilene The tract bordering on the anti-Lebanon ridge, and extending indefinitely eastward, so as to include Abila as its capital, from which the territorial name is derived. Of this Abilene history mentions no Lysanias as ruler, but one who was slain by Mark Antony about sixty years before the point of time here designated by Luke. Hence Strauss, assuming that Luke has this Lysanias in mind, makes a very abortive charge to convict him of chronological mistake. But 1. There is not a word in any history of this point of time to contradict Luke’s statement that a later Lysanias (probably grandson of the historical Lysanias) was tretrach of Abilene; for history leaves the matter perfectly blank; there being no history of that period extant. 2. Josephus, describing the transfer of Abilene to Agrippa, styles it the “Abilene of Lysanias,” which could hardly refer to a Lysanias no later than the Lysanias of seventy years before. 3. Traces of Luke’s Lysanias are found outside of history. A coin has been found, belonging to a period later than Herod’s death, bearing the inscription, “Lysanias, tetrarch and high priest.” A Doric temple in Abila bears the inscription, “Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene.” This must have been Luke’s Lysanias, for the first Lysanias was not tetrarch, that title having been first adopted after Herod’s death. And we may here note an admonitory warning against drawing arguments against the truth of Scripture history from the nonexistence of confirmatory secular history. No Abilenean history was extant, and so, forsooth, no second Lysanias could have existed. Such was the sceptical argument until an accidental medal authenticated the man named.

Verses of Luke 3

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Consult other comments:

Luke 3:1 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Luke 3:1 - The Greek Testament

Luke 3:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

Luke 3:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Luke 3:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 3:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Luke 3:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Luke 3:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luke 3:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Luke 3:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 3:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Luke 3:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Luke 3:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Luke 3:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Luke 3:1 - James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary

Luke 3:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 3:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Luke 3:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

Luke 3:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 3:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Luke 3:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Luke 3:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Luke 3:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Luke 3:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 3:1 - Discovering Christ In Selected Books of the Bible

Luke 3:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Luke 3:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Luke 3:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

Luke 3:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Luke 3:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Luke 3:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 3:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 3:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

Luke 3:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 3:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Luke 3:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 3:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Luke 3:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

Luke 3:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 3:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Luke 3:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Luke 3:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Luke 3:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Luke 3:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Luke 3:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

Luke 3:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

Luke 3:1 - Expositions Of Holy Scripture by Alexander MacLaren

Luke 3:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

Luke 3:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Luke 3:1 - Church Pulpit Commentary

Luke 3:1 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

Luke 3:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Luke 3:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 3:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Luke 3:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Luke 3:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 3:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Luke 3:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Luke 3:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Luke 3:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

Luke 3:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 3:1 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Luke 3:1 - The Sermon Bible

Luke 3:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

Luke 3:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 3:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 3:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 3:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Luke 3:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

Luke 3:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 3:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments