Luke 2:46 Commentary - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

46. After three days One day spent in going homeward, one in returning, and the third on which he was found. The parents with their son doubtless rejoined their caravan.

In the temple Where he was yet to dispute with the national doctors in a different style. The last time he had been in the temple was at his circumcision, when holy Simeon blessed him. Jesus was not in the temple building proper, but in some one of the apartments in the enclosure.

Probably it was in one of the porticoes of the court of the women, where the schools of the Rabbis were held. But Lightfoot thinks it may have been even in the Sanhedrim.

Sitting The sceptical claim that pupils always stood to receive the lessons of the doctors is not well established. Paul sat at the feet of Gamaliel, (Act 22:3.) But in fact Jesus was not a pupil but an auditor.

Sitting in the midst of the doctors Cavillers have here raised many minute objections. An effort, say they, is made by Luke to make the boy Jesus a monstrous prodigy. He sits as chief doctor in the midst of a circle of listening rabbies, who are amazed at his miraculous teachings. All this is futile. The so-called Apocryphal Gospels are indeed guilty of the puerile folly of making Jesus a monstrosity of boyish doctorship. The Jewish doctors admit that they promoted R. Eleazar Ben Azariah to the presidency of the Sanhedrim at sixteen. And the historian Josephus shows a similar vanity in regard to his own precocious knowledge of law. “In my education, I attained to a great reputation for learning, appearing to excel in memory and understanding. Yet being a boy of about fourteen years, I was eulogized for my love of learning, and the chief priests and the first men of the city always collected to learn from me something more accurate about points of law.” The modest statement of Luke is in striking contrast with the exaggerations alike of the Apocryphals, the doctors, and the historian, yet gives us a most interesting and natural view of his pure but eminent development. No position of superiority or even equality to the rabbies, is intimated; and yet surely to no young Samuel or Moses would so deep a reverence be due even from hoary rank and learning as to this young Messiah.

The seats of the doctors were raised fronting the rest of the assembly and in the Sanhedrim at any rate, formed a semicircle, so that the half-surrounded Jesus could easily be in their midst. Of the doctors Διδασκαλοι , didaskaloi, Greek for teachers. The root of this Greek word δαχ , dach, is the same as the Latin root doc, and the same as the Saxon teach. Hence διδασκαλος , doctor, and teacher, are the same word in different forms. Some of the greatest doctors of Jewish history lived about this period. The great Hillel, the restorer of ancient rabbinical lore, “a second Ezra,” whose scholars were thousands, died this very year. His successor, Simeon, first received the title of rabban, and was followed in line by Rabban Gamaliel, Paul’s tutor, and by others who were named among the greatest of Jewish geniuses and holy men.

Hearing them and asking questions But it is not said teaching or disputing. He sat not as a doctor, but as an inquirer among the doctors. The method of instruction among the Jewish doctors was very conversational and catechetical; teacher and pupil indulging in both interrogation and reply.

Consult other comments:

Luke 2:46 - The Greek Testament

Luke 2:46 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Luke 2:46 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Luke 2:46 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Luke 2:46 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luke 2:46 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Luke 2:46 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Luke 2:46 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Luke 2:46 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 2:46 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 2:46 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Luke 2:46 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Luke 2:46 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Luke 2:46 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 2:46 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

Luke 2:46 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Luke 2:46 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 2:46 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Luke 2:46 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Luke 2:46 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

Luke 2:46 - Church Pulpit Commentary

Luke 2:46 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Luke 2:46 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Luke 2:46 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 2:46 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 2:46 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 2:46 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

Luke 2:46 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 2:46 - Combined Bible Commentary

Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments