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Luke 2:1 Commentary - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

§ 8. JESUS’S BIRTH, Luk 2:1-7 .

1. In those days The evangelist having detailed the fact of the birth of Messiah’s forerunner gives now a narrative of the manifestation of Messiah himself. He furnishes a circle of facts obtained by him, perhaps from James, the son of Mary and Joseph, or even from the blessed mother herself, omitted by all the other evangelists.

Cesar Augustus Under the power and genius of the celebrated Julius Cesar the Roman republic fell, and the imperial government was established. He was succeeded by his nephew, Augustus Cesar, under whom the world of New Testament history was subdued. During his reign the temple of Janus was shut, in token of universal peace, and the Prince of peace made his advent.

The world The Roman world.

Should be taxed Not taxed, but the census taken, and the names of all enrolled. No contemporary historian gives any account of this census, but authentic mention is made of a breviarium, or summary of the resources of the empire, which must have been the result of something of this nature. From other sources than contemporary history also we know that there was a topographical survey made of the geographical extent of the empire.

Palestine was not indeed in form a province of the Roman empire, inasmuch as Herod was its king. But his kingdom was a gift from Augustus, who spared his life and placed him in power, although he had forfeited all by taking side with Anthony in the war for the empire against Augustus. The Jews were required to take an oath of allegiance to Augustus as well as to Herod. Augustus was little likely to hesitate to include Palestine in his census, though it is very likely that so vast an enrolment as the whole civilized world would require years, would be executed by different provinces quite separately, and completed by each in accordance with its own customs and institutions.

Consult other comments:

Luke 2:1 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Luke 2:1 - The Greek Testament

Luke 2:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

Luke 2:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Luke 2:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 2:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Luke 2:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Luke 2:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luke 2:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Luke 2:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 2:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Luke 2:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Luke 2:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Luke 2:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Luke 2:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 2:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Luke 2:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 2:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Luke 2:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Luke 2:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Luke 2:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Luke 2:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 2:1 - Discovering Christ In Selected Books of the Bible

Luke 2:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Luke 2:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Luke 2:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

Luke 2:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Luke 2:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Luke 2:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 2:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 2:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

Luke 2:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 2:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Luke 2:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 2:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Luke 2:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

Luke 2:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 2:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Luke 2:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Luke 2:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Luke 2:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Luke 2:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Luke 2:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

Luke 2:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

Luke 2:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

Luke 2:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

Luke 2:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Luke 2:1 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

Luke 2:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Luke 2:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 2:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Luke 2:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Luke 2:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 2:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Luke 2:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Luke 2:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Luke 2:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

Luke 2:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 2:1 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Luke 2:1 - The Sermon Bible

Luke 2:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

Luke 2:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 2:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 2:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 2:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Luke 2:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

Luke 2:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 2:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments