Verses of Mark 13


Mark 13:8 Commentary - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

8. Earthquakes Convulsions of this kind marked this period in various parts of the known world. At Smyrna, Miletus, Chios, Samos, the beautiful cities of Asiatic Greece, these signs were given, as mentioned by Grotius. The cities of Laodicea, Hierapolis, and Colosse were completely overthrown. Rome was twice visited by this fearful sign during this period. But perhaps Jerusalem herself was warned most loudly by a terrible earthquake, accompanied by thunders, lightnings, and overwhelming storms. Famines and pestilences, (Luk 21:11,) the FOURTH SIGN, are ever attendant upon general civil commotions and wars. The cessation of the labours of husbandry produces scarcity; exposure, hardship, and the effluvium of the dead produce pestilences. The Greek words for famine and pestilence have a very similar sound, limos and loimos.

And famine and pestilence are so conjoined in experience that it was a Greek proverb, after limos comes loimos. Josephus says, that the famine under Claudius Cesar (predicted by Agabus, Act 11:28) was so severe that at Jerusalem many died of starvation.

To these Luke adds, there shall be “fearful sights and great signs from heaven.” On this FIFTH SIGN Dr. Clarke makes the following concise summary.

Josephus, in his preface to the Jewish Wars, enumerates these: 1st. A star hung over the city like a sword; and a comet continued a whole year. 2d. The people being assembled at the feast of unleavened bread, at the ninth hour of the night, a great light shone about the altar and the temple, and this continued for half an hour. 3d. At the same feast, a cow led to sacrifice brought forth a lamb in the midst of the temple! 4th. The eastern gate of the temple, which was of solid brass, and very heavy, and could hardly be shut by twenty men, and was fastened by strong bars and bolts, was seen at the sixth hour of the night to open of its own accord! 5th. Before sun-setting there were seen over all the country, chariots and armies fighting in the clouds, and besieging cities. 6th. At the feast of Pentecost, when the priests were going into the inner temple by night, to attend their service, they heard first a motion and noise, and then a voice as of a multitude, saying, LET US DEPART HENCE. 7th. What Josephus reckons one of the most terrible signs of all was, that one Jesus, a country fellow, four years before the war began, and when the city was at peace and plenty, came to the feast of tabernacles, and ran crying up and down the streets, day and night: “A voice from the east! a voice from the west! a voice from the four winds! a voice against Jerusalem and the temple! a voice against the bridegrooms and the brides! and a voice against all the people!”

Though the magistrates, endeavored by stripes and tortures to restrain him, yet he still cried with a mournful voice, “Woe, woe to Jerusalem!” And this he continued to do for several years together, going about the walls and crying with a loud voice: “Woe, woe to the city, and to the people, and to the temple;” and as he added, “Woe, woe to myself!” a stone from some sling or engine struck him dead on the spot! It is worthy of remark that Josephus appeals to the testimony of others, who saw and heard these fearful things. Tacitus, a Roman historian, gives very nearly the same account with that of Josephus. ( Hist., lib. 5.)

These are the beginnings of sorrows Terrible as all these omens seem, they are small compared to the miseries of the siege and downfall of the holy city.

Verses of Mark 13


Consult other comments:

Mark 13:8 - The Greek Testament

Mark 13:8 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Mark 13:8 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Mark 13:8 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Mark 13:8 - Expositors Bible Commentary

Mark 13:8 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Mark 13:8 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Mark 13:8 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Mark 13:8 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Mark 13:8 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Mark 13:8 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Mark 13:8 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Mark 13:8 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

Mark 13:8 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Mark 13:8 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Mark 13:8 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Mark 13:8 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Mark 13:8 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Mark 13:8 - Combined Bible Commentary

Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments