Ezra 9:9 Commentary - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole
We were bondmen, i.e. in greater bondage than that in which we now are.
Hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the kings of Persia, i.e. hath given us to find favour in their eyes.
To give us a reviving; to recover us from the grave of dreadful calamities, in which we lay like dead men and dry bones, Eze 37:1, &c.
To repair the desolations thereof, to wit, of the temple; either,
1. To build the house, where there was only a heap of the ruins of the old temple. Or rather,
2. To frequent and celebrate the worship of God in that place, which hath long lain like a desolate and neglected place. For the building of the house was mentioned in the next foregoing words.
To give us a wall, Heb. a hedge, or a fence; either,
1. The wall built about Jerusalem. But it is probable that was not yet built, as we shall see by the following history. Besides, this fence is intimated to be as much a fence to the rest of Judah as to Jerusalem. Or,
2. The favour and protection of the kings of Persia, whose edicts on their behalf were under God their security against all those enemies wherewith they were encompassed. Or,
3. The powerful and gracious providence of God, which had brought them together, and planted them in their own land, and watched over them from time to time.
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English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole
Matthew Poole (1624–1679) wrote English Annotations on the Holy Bible, completing the chapters as far as Isaiah 58 before his death in 1679. The rest of the Annotations were completed by friends and colleagues among his Nonconformist brethren. The first printing of the completed edition was in 1685, 2 volumes folio, followed by editions in 1688, 1696 (with valuable chapter outlines added by the editors, Samuel Clark and Edward Veale), and the 4th and definitive edition in 1700, the basis of all others.