2 Chronicles 15:8 Commentary - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole
Of Oded the prophet, to wit, of Azariah, 2Ch 15:1, who was also called by his father’s name Oded. Or Oded may be here put patronymically for the son of Oded; as David is put for Christ the Son of David, Jer 30:9, and elsewhere; and Moses for the sons of Moses, Psa 90:1. Or here is an ellipsis of the relative word, of which there are many instances both in sacred and profane authors; as 2Sa 21:19, the brother of Goliath; Mat 4:21, James the son of Zebedee; Luk 24:10, Mary the mother of James, by comparing Mar 15:40; Joh 19:25, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and many other places. And so this place may be thus read,
when Asa heard these words, even the prophecy of the son of Oded the prophet. And this ellipsis is the more easy and tolerable, because this defect might be well enough understood and supplied out of 2Ch 15:1. Though some understand this to be another prophecy of Oded the father, which is not here expressed, which Azariah his son repeated to them for the confirmation of his own prophecy.
He took courage; for it required great courage to put away all the idols, to which so great a number of his people were to this day addicted, and, among others, Maachah the queen, his mother, whom for this reason he deposed, 1Ki 15:13.
The cities which he had taken, to wit, Abijah his father; which was easily understood from 2Ch 13:19. Or, which had been taken; the active word being oft so used impersonally for the passive, as Hebricians know.
Renewed the altar of the Lord; which had been either decayed through age and long use of it, or broken by his idolatrous mother’s means. Or, he consecrated or dedicated the altar, &c.; which possibly had been polluted by idolaters, and now needed some purification.
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English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole
Matthew Poole (1624–1679) wrote English Annotations on the Holy Bible, completing the chapters as far as Isaiah 58 before his death in 1679. The rest of the Annotations were completed by friends and colleagues among his Nonconformist brethren. The first printing of the completed edition was in 1685, 2 volumes folio, followed by editions in 1688, 1696 (with valuable chapter outlines added by the editors, Samuel Clark and Edward Veale), and the 4th and definitive edition in 1700, the basis of all others.