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Verses of John 8

58

John 8:58 Commentary - The Apologists Bible Commentary

The Apologists Bible Commentary

John 8

58 Jesus said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I am."

C o m m e n t a r y From Albert Barnes Commentary... The expression I am, though in the present tense, is clearly designed to refer to a past time. Thus, in Psa 90:2, “From everlasting to everlasting thou art God.” Applied to God, it denotes continued existence without respect to time, so far as he is concerned. We divide time into the past, the present, and the future. The expression, applied to God, denotes that he does not measure his existence in this manner, but that the word by which we express the present denotes his continued and unchanging existence. Hence, he assumes it as his name, “I AM,” and “I AM that I AM,” Exo 3:14. Compare Isa 44:6; Isa 47:8. There is a remarkable similarity between the expression employed by Jesus in this place and that used in Exodus to denote the name of God. The manner in which Jesus used it would strikingly suggest the application of the same language to God. The question here was about his pre-existence. The objection of the Jews was that he was not 50 years old, and could not, therefore, have seen Abraham. Jesus replied to that that he existed before Abraham. As in his human nature he was not yet 50 years old, and could not, as a man, have existed before Abraham, this declaration must be referred to another nature; and the passage proves that, while he was a man, he was also endowed with another nature existing before Abraham, and to which he applied the term (familiar to the Jews as expressive of the existence of God) I AM; and this declaration corresponds to the affirmation of John, that he was in the beginning with God, and was God. This affirmation of Jesus is one of the proofs on which John relies to prove that he was the Messiah, to establish which was the design of writing this book (Barnes ).

G r a m m a t i c a l A n a l y s i s prin abraam genesqai egw eimi PRIN ABRAAM GENESTHAI EGÔ EIMI Before Abraham came to be, I am GINOMAI (G1096) To become, i.e. to come into existence, begin to be, receive being (Thayer ). EIMI (G1510) To be, to exist, to happen, to be present (Thayer ). I am (egw eimi). Undoubtedly here Jesus claims eternal existence with the absolute phrase used of God. The contrast between genesthai (entrance into existence of Abraham) and eimi (timeless being) is complete. See the same contrast between en in John 1:1 and egeneto in John 1:14. See the contrast also in Psa 90:2 between God (ei, art) and the mountains (genesthenai). See the same use of eimi in John 6:20; John 9:9; John 8:24, John 8:28; John 18:6 (RWP ).

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Verses of John 8

58

Consult other comments:

John 8:58 - The Greek Testament

John 8:58 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 8:58 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 8:58 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 8:58 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 8:58 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

John 8:58 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 8:58 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 8:58 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 8:58 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 8:58 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 8:58 - Geneva Bible Notes

John 8:58 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 8:58 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 8:58 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 8:58 - The Apologists Bible Commentary

John 8:58 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 8:58 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 8:58 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 8:58 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

John 8:58 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 8:58 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 8:58 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 8:58 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 8:58 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 8:58 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 8:58 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 8:58 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 8:58 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 8:58 - Combined Bible Commentary

The Apologists Bible Commentary