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Verses of John 5

17

John 5:17 Commentary - The Apologists Bible Commentary

The Apologists Bible Commentary

John 5

17 But He answered them, "My Father is working until now, and I myself am working."

Commentary Contemporary Jewish thought accepted that God "worked" on the Sabbath, preserving and upholding the Universe with His Power. Four leading Rabbi's discussed this issue near the end of the first Century (Gamaliel II, R. Joshua, R. Eleazar ben Azariah, and R. Akiba) and concluded that although God works constantly, He cannot rightly be accused of "breaking" the Sabbath, since the Universe is His domain, and He elevates nothing - not even the Law - above Himself (Exodus Rabbah 30:9; Genesis Rabbah 11:10). Thus, God alone can rightly "work" on the Sabbath, as Jesus acknowledges in the first part of his answer. However, to claim that He too was "working" on the Sabbath was to claim a prerogative belonging to God alone. That He should equate his working with that of the Father would have been enough to shock the Jews, but Jesus goes even further, calling the Father "My Father." Both statements implied an equality with the Father, as the Jews readily recognized. Importantly, Jesus did not defend Himself by saying that the Jewish interpretation of Sabbath law was incorrect (as well He might have - healing can hardly be considered the "work" normally done during the week, from which God decreed all should rest). Instead, He says that whatever allows the Father to "work" on the Sabbath also applies to Him - whether because the Universe is His domain, or because He is above the Law.

Grammatical Analysis The verb behind 'answered' (apekrinato) is in the aorist middle - in John, found only here and in v. 19 (the aorist deponent passive apekrithé, might be expected). Abbott argues that this verbal form has legal overtones: Jesus responds to their charge, he offers his defense. The fact that the middle voice of this verb is so regularly attested in legal documentation (Moulton and Milligan, pp. 64-56) may provide some support for this view (Carson , p. 247).

Verses of John 5

17

Consult other comments:

John 5:17 - The Greek Testament

John 5:17 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 5:17 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 5:17 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

John 5:17 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 5:17 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 5:17 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 5:17 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

John 5:17 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 5:17 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 5:17 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 5:17 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 5:17 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 5:17 - Geneva Bible Notes

John 5:17 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 5:17 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 5:17 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

John 5:17 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 5:17 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

John 5:17 - The Apologists Bible Commentary

John 5:17 - Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae (Old and New Testaments)

John 5:17 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

John 5:17 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 5:17 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

John 5:17 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 5:17 - Expositions Of Holy Scripture by Alexander MacLaren

John 5:17 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 5:17 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 5:17 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 5:17 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 5:17 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 5:17 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 5:17 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 5:17 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 5:17 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 5:17 - Combined Bible Commentary

The Apologists Bible Commentary