Bibles

Luke 1:1 Commentary - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

PROLOGUE, Luk 1:1-4.

THE first of our synoptic Gospels opens with a genealogy. This mode of entering upon the subject transports us into a completely Jewish world. This preamble is, as it were, a continuation of the genealogical registers of Genesis; in the βίβλος γενέσεως of Matthew (Mat 1:1) we have again the Ellé Tholedoth of Moses.

How different Luke's prologue, and in what an entirely different atmosphere it places us from the first! Not only is it written in most classical Greek, but it reminds us by its contents of the similar preambles of the most illustrious Greek historians, especially those of Herodotus and Thucydides. The more thoroughly we examine it, the more we find of that delicacy of sentiment and refinement of mind which constitute the predominant traits of the Hellenic character. Baur, it is true, thought he discerned in it the work of a forger. Ewald, on the contrary, admires its true simplicity, noble modesty, and terse conciseness. It appears to us, as to Holtzmann, “that between these two opinions the choice is not difficult.” The author does not seek to put himself in the rank of the Christian authorities; he places himself modestly among men of the second order. He feels it necessary to excuse the boldness of his enterprise, by referring to the numerous analogous attempts that have preceded his own. He does not permit himself to undertake the work of writing a Gospel history until he has furnished himself with all the aids fitted to enable him to attain the lofty aim he sets before him. There is a striking contrast between his frank and modest attitude and that of a forger. It excludes even the ambitious part of a secretary of the Apostle Paul, which tradition has not been slow to claim for the author of our Gospel.

This prologue is not least interesting for the information it contains respecting the earliest attempts at writing histories of the Gospel. Apart from these first lines of Luke, we know absolutely nothing definite about the more ancient narratives of the life of Jesus which preceded the composition of our Gospels. Therefore every theory as to the origin of the synoptics, which is not constructed out of the materials furnished by this preface, runs the risk of being thrown aside as a tissue of vain hypotheses the day after it has seen the light.

This introduction is a dedication, in which Luke initiates the reader into the idea, method, and aim of his work. He is far from being the first who has attempted to handle this great subject (Luk 1:1). Numerous written narratives on the history of Jesus are already in existence; they all of them rest on the oral narrations of the apostles (Luk 1:2). But while drawing also on this original source, Luke has collected more particular information, in order to supplement, select, and properly arrange the materials for which the Church is indebted to apostolic tradition. His aim, lastly, is to furnish his readers, by this connected account of the facts, with the means of establishing their certainty (Luk 1:4).

Consult other comments:

Luke 1:1 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Luke 1:1 - The Greek Testament

Luke 1:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

Luke 1:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Luke 1:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 1:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Luke 1:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Luke 1:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luke 1:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Luke 1:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 1:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Luke 1:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Luke 1:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Luke 1:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Luke 1:1 - James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary

Luke 1:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 1:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Luke 1:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

Luke 1:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 1:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Luke 1:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Luke 1:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Luke 1:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Luke 1:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 1:1 - Discovering Christ In Selected Books of the Bible

Luke 1:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Luke 1:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Luke 1:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

Luke 1:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Luke 1:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Luke 1:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 1:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 1:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

Luke 1:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 1:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Luke 1:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 1:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Luke 1:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

Luke 1:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 1:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Luke 1:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Luke 1:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Luke 1:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Luke 1:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Luke 1:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

Luke 1:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

Luke 1:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

Luke 1:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

Luke 1:1 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

Luke 1:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 1:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Luke 1:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Luke 1:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 1:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Luke 1:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Luke 1:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Luke 1:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

Luke 1:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 1:1 - The Sermon Bible

Luke 1:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 1:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 1:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 1:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Luke 1:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

Luke 1:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 1:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)