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John 18:3 Commentary - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

1) "Judas then," (ho oun loudas) "Then the Judas," known as the son of Simon of Iscariot, Joh 6:71; Joh 12:4.

2) "Having received a band," (labon ten seiran) "Having taken charge of a band," part of a Roman cohort of soldiers then stationed in the castle of Antonio within the walls of Jerusalem, Mat 26:47; Luk 22:47. A band consisted of about 600 soldiers. The garrison of cohorts were stationed there to assist the Sanhedrin in keeping order during the Passover.

3) "Of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees," (kai ek ton archiereon kai ek ton Pharisaion hupertas) "And attendants from the Pharisees and the administrative priests," who, had sought occasion to kill Jesus and found a contract-man, Judas Iscariot, who was willing to lead them personally to the private place in Gethsemane, away from the multitudes, where he had often gone with Him and the other disciples, Luk 22:2-6. The officers who came were Levites, supposed to be holy men, along with the Roman band.

4) "Cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons." (erchetai ekei meta phanon kai lampadom kai hoplon) "The band came out there to the garden with lanterns, and lamps and weapons." Lanterns or torches were usually carried by Roman soldiers on a night march. That night, when Jesus crossed over Cedron, His life changed briefly, from teacher to the great sacrifice, as He faced the torches, swords, staves, and clubs of the night band of clandestine murderers, Mat 26:47; Mar 14:43.

Consult other comments:

John 18:3 - The Greek Testament

John 18:3 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 18:3 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 18:3 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 18:3 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 18:3 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

John 18:3 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 18:3 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 18:3 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 18:3 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 18:3 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 18:3 - Geneva Bible Notes

John 18:3 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 18:3 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 18:3 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 18:3 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 18:3 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 18:3 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

John 18:3 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 18:3 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 18:3 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 18:3 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 18:3 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 18:3 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 18:3 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 18:3 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 18:3 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 18:3 - Combined Bible Commentary

Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary