John 18:13 Commentary - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

1) "And led him away to Annas first;" (kai egagon pros hannas proton) "And they led him directly to Annas first," who did nothing to release Him, an account given by John only; Annas was the elder, apparently retired high priest, a councilor or elder adviser only, without Jewish administrative authority, Luk 3:2.

2) "For he was father in law to Caiaphas," (hen gar pentheros tou kaiapha) "For he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas," who was now administrative high priest, or decision making high priest, at this time, Joh 11:49-53. Annas had five sons who occupied the office in succession after his vacating the office AD 7-14.

3) "Which was the high priest that same year." (hos hen archiereus tou eniautou ekeinou) "Who was the high priest of that same year," and until AD 37, and gave directions regarding administrative matters, inclusive of acts of punishment and whippings in the synagogue for such as broke or were adjudged to have broken Moses' law, as further carried out by the chief priests in various localities, Act 9:1-2; Act 4:1-6; Act 5:17-28; Act 5:40.

Consult other comments:

John 18:13 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

John 18:13 - The Greek Testament

John 18:13 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 18:13 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 18:13 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 18:13 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 18:13 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

John 18:13 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 18:13 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 18:13 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 18:13 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 18:13 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 18:13 - Geneva Bible Notes

John 18:13 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 18:13 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 18:13 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

John 18:13 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 18:13 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 18:13 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

John 18:13 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 18:13 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 18:13 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 18:13 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 18:13 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 18:13 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 18:13 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 18:13 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 18:13 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 18:13 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 18:13 - Combined Bible Commentary

Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary