John 12:13 Commentary - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

1 ) "Took branches of palm trees," (elabon ta baia ton phoinikon) "They took the branches of the palm trees," fronds of palms, symbols of victory, likely alluding especially to the miracle of our Lord's recently raising Lazarus from the dead, Joh 12:17-18; 1Co 15:55-57. Palm fronds are Biblically symbolical of liberation, or victory over death and its power, Heb 2:15; Rev 7:9.

2) "And went forth to meet him," (kai ekselthon eis hupantesin auto) "And went out (of Jerusalem) to a meeting with him,'' Mat 21:8 as He entered the city from the East, from Bethany, where He had spent the evenings during the last five days, Joh 12:1-2.

3) "And cried, Hosanna:” (kai ekraugazon hosanna) "And they cried out, Hosanna," which is taken from the Hebrew and means "Save now," or "Save we pray."

4) "Blessed is the king of Israel," (eulogemenos ho erchomenos) "Blessed is the one who comes," the one prophesied by David, Psa 118:25-26; Luk 19:38.

5) "That cometh in the name of the Lord." (en onomati kuriou) "In the name of the Lord," or by the authority or direction of the Lord, or Jehovah, Psa 118:26. These many people who had arrived early from afar camped in the outskirts of Jerusalem, to purify themselves before the Passover, were openly hailing Jesus as the Lord, the Messiah, and the King of Israel, and giving God the glory for His mighty deeds wherever He had gone. This was a thing that infuriated the wicked-hearted, Christ-hating, Jewish rulers in Jerusalem, who had already plotted to put both Jesus and Lazarus to death, Joh 8:37; Joh 8:40; Joh 8:44; Joh 12:10.


It was a common practice in the East, and one which on certain great and joyful occasions has been practiced in other countries, to strew flowers and branches of trees in the way of conquerors and renouned princes. Herodotus states, that people went before Xerxes passing over the Hellespont, and burned all manner of perfumes on the bridges, and strewed the way with myrtles. So did those Jews who believed Christ to be the promised Messiah, and the king of Israel: they cut down branches of the trees, and strewed them in the way. Sometimes the whole road which leads to the capital of an eastern monarch, for several miles, is covered with rich silks over which he rides into the city. Agreeably to this custom, the multitudes spread their garments in the way when the Savior rode in triumph into Jerusalem.

- Paxton.

Consult other comments:

John 12:13 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

John 12:13 - The Greek Testament

John 12:13 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 12:13 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 12:13 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 12:13 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 12:13 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 12:13 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 12:13 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 12:13 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 12:13 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 12:13 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 12:13 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 12:13 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 12:13 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 12:13 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 12:13 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 12:13 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 12:13 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 12:13 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 12:13 - Combined Bible Commentary

Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary