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John 11:39 Commentary - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

1) "Jesus said, Take ye away the stone." (legei ho lesous arate ton eithon) "Jesus said, you all lift the stone," from the entrance to the cave that had become the grave of Lazarus. Lift, take, or bear the stone away, the stone entrance, was the command of the Lord; It was a shockingly unusual command. He asked that the people do what they were able, to show obedient faith, Joh 2:5; Jas 1:22; Joh 15:4.

2) "Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him," (legei auto he adelphe tou teteleutekotos Martha) "Martha the sister of the one who had died (of Lazarus) said," as the mistress of the home, the family affairs, always speaking out her opinion, Joh 11:21; Joh 11:24; Luk 10:38-42.

3) "Lord, by this time he stinketh:” (kurie ede ozei) "Lord, he already smells," that is, she supposed he did. With her strong faith she was astounded that her Lord would attempt to interfere or come near the dead body of her brother, Lazarus. Contrast this with our Lord who in death saw no corruption, Psa 16:10; Act 13:36-37.

4) "For he hath been dead four days." (tetartaios gar estin) "Because it is four days," since he died. He is four days dead, indicating her fear of his exposure to a bad odor of her decomposing, un-embalmed brother. Some believe the precious ointment Mary later used to anoint Jesus had been first bought to anoint Lazarus, but was never used, Joh 12:3. Those who knew best knew he had died, his death had taken place, witnessed by 1 ) Martha, Joh 11:21; Joh 11:39; by 2) Mary, Joh 11:32; and by 3) the Jews, Joh 11:37. That he was dead was therefore sustained by incontestable evidence of two or three witnesses, as required to satisfy Jewish law, so that there was no collusion in the reported miracle that followed, though recounted in John's Gospel only, Deu 19:15; 2Co 13:1.

Consult other comments:

John 11:39 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

John 11:39 - The Greek Testament

John 11:39 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 11:39 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 11:39 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 11:39 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 11:39 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

John 11:39 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 11:39 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:39 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:39 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 11:39 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 11:39 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 11:39 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 11:39 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 11:39 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 11:39 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 11:39 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 11:39 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

John 11:39 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 11:39 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 11:39 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 11:39 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 11:39 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:39 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 11:39 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 11:39 - Combined Bible Commentary

Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary