John 11:38 Commentary - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

1 ) "Jesus therefore again groaning in himself," (lesous oun palin embrimomenos en heauto) "Then Jesus again while groaning in himself," or being deeply moved, shuddering in emotions, as a man, as we are, Heb 4:14 -16.

2) "Cometh to the grave." (erchetai eis to mnemeion) "Came to the tomb," to the grave by His own choice; The tomb was a cave or cavern, either hewn out of rock or natural, like that which Abraham bought from Ephron in Machpelah at Hebron for a burial place, Gen 21:9; Gen 21:16-20. Or it was first a natural cave, cavern, or den, partly hewn in a fitting shape for a burial place.

3) "It was a cave," (hen de spelaion) "Then it was (existed as) a cave," in the earth, not hewn out by man, a natural cave, Though the one where our Lord was soon buried thereafter was a hewn cave belonging to Joseph of Arimathea, a rich man, Isa 53:9, Mat 27:60.

4) "And a stone lay upon it." (kai lithos ekeito ep' auto) "And a stone was lying upon it," upon the entrance to it, on the entrance to prevent wild carnivorous animals from entering to desecrate the body, Mat 27:60; Mat 27:66.

The place was apparently a private tomb of the family, which would have implied some family wealth, to claim or purchase it as their own, as Abraham and Joseph of Arimathaea had done.

Consult other comments:

John 11:38 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 11:38 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 11:38 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

John 11:38 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 11:38 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 11:38 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 11:38 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

John 11:38 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 11:38 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:38 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:38 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 11:38 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 11:38 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 11:38 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 11:38 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

John 11:38 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:38 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 11:38 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 11:38 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

John 11:38 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

John 11:38 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 11:38 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 11:38 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 11:38 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 11:38 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

John 11:38 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 11:38 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:38 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 11:38 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

John 11:38 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 11:38 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 11:38 - Combined Bible Commentary

Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary