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Verses of Genesis 1

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Genesis 1:1 Commentary - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

NOTE: Charts and maps on Genesis are found in 23 volume hardbound edition of the Baptist Commentary

FOREWORD

Comments on the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Old Testament, for the Baptist Commentary were written by Dr. G.F. Crumley. Comments in this volume express the beliefs of the writer, formulated over a period of more than forty years of study. Many people have influenced and guided the writer's study of the Bible, but the beliefs expressed in this volume are his own.

The foundation of this study is the belief that the entire Bible is the Word of God. This belief accepts the premise of the inerrancy of the Bible. This premise is the foundation of all reliable Bible exegesis.

"All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works" (2Ti 3:16-17). The original text affirms, "Every (sacred) writing (particularly the Old Testament) is God-breathed..." God breathed into His prophets the words and thoughts He wanted to make known. Thus, the Bible does not contain the Word of God - it IS the Word of God. From the first "in the beginning" of Genesis to the final "Amen" of Revelation, every word of the Bible, as it was in the original text, comprises the Word of God, the breathed-in revelation of His perfect will to man.

The Bible is not a Book of science, but it is a scientific Book. In the original text, there is no scientific error. It is not a Book of history, but it is historically accurate. In the original text, there is no historical error. This conviction is the "true north" of the compass of interpretation in this volume. The writer's comments may be erroneous, but there is no error in the Bible, the inspired Word of God.

-G. F. Crumley

INTRODUCTION

The term "Pentateuch" means "five books." It denotes the first five Books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. They cover the period of time from the creation to the death of Moses.

In the late Eighteenth and early Nineteenth Centuries there arose a method of interpretation of Scriptures known as "higher criticism." A number of popularly-acclaimed scholars subjected the Scriptures to intense examination, based upon the result of their studies of the ancient manuscripts, the evidences of archaeology and anthropology known to them. Many arrived at the conclusion that the Scriptures, including the Pentateuch generally and Genesis in particular, were written by many unknown writers who took as their source materials certain Jewish folklore and fables. Foremost in this movement was the German scholar Karl Heinrich Graf, (1814-1869). Another critic and scholar was Julius Wellhausen (1844-1918). He studied at the University of Gottingen under Heinrich Ewald. Wellhausen taught at such prestigious schools as the University of Gottingen, Greifswald, Halle, and Marburg. Graf, Wellhausen, Ewald, and others questioned and later denied that Moses was the author of the Books of the Pentateuch.

The 19th Century "higher critics" are joined by many 20th Century critics who question or deny outright the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch. Many even question the inerrancy of the entire Bible.

The "higher critics" are mentioned in this volume, not as a source of reference, but to affirm the writer's conviction that their criticism is completely unfounded, in the area where they question either the inerrancy of the Scriptures, or the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch.

The Wise Man said, "Of making many books there is no end" (Ecc 12:12). This is particularly true with regards to commentaries on the Bible. This work is no exception. Many books offer valuable insights into proper interpretation and understanding of the Bible. However, the Bible is by far the best commentary available upon itself! For this reason, it is profitable to note what the Bible has to say about the authorship of the Pentateuch. Jesus' own words are far more reliable than those of Graf, Ewald, Wellhausen, or any of the other so-called "higher critics."

Jesus clearly identifies Moses as the writer of each of the five Books of the Pentateuch. Note first the New Testament references, then the corresponding passage in the Pentateuch:

GENESIS:

Gen 3:15; Gen 22:18; Luk 24:27; Joh 1:17; Joh 1:45; Joh 7:19

EXODUS:

Exo 3:6; Exo 18:4; Mar 12:26; Luk 20:38; Luk 5:14

LEVITICUS:

Lev 12:2-6; Lev 14:2-4; Lev 14:20-22; Lev 18:5; Luk 2:22-23; Mat 8:4; Mar 1:44; Rom 10:5

NUMBERS:

Num 21:9; Joh 3:14

DEUTERONOMY:

Deu 17:2; Deu 17:5; Deu 22:22; Deu 24:1; Deu 25:5; Luk 2:22-23; Heb 10:28; Joh 8:5; Mar 10:3; Mat 19:7-8; Mar 12:19; Luk 20:28

There is no valid reason to doubt the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch. Moses was reared in the royal palace of Egypt, as the grandson of Pharaoh and the heir-apparent to Egypt's throne. In this position, he received the highest education possible in the ancient world. To fulfill his future role as Pharaoh's heir, it would be necessary that he be instructed in the arts and sciences of Egypt, as well as the history of the known world. Moses was no ignorant, unlettered sheep-herder who was thrust into a leadership role with no literary skills. From the standpoint of secular education, Moses was well-qualified to write the Books of the Pentateuch. But more than that, Bible-believers readily accept the fact of his direct communication with Jehovah God. Even if Moses had not been educated in the world's finest universities, his experiences with God would have qualified him to write these five Books. ,

IN SUMMARY: this volume of commentary will accept the premise as basic fact: Moses wrote the Books of the Pentateuch. No acknowledgment of difference with this position will be presented. the primary reason for this position: the Bible's own claims of Mosaic authorship.

GENESIS CHAPTER ONE

"Genesis" means "beginnings." The Book of Genesis is the "seed-bed of truth." A partial list of the "beginnings" found in this remarkable Book includes the beginning of: earth, heavens, seas, plant life, aquatic life, terrestrial life, man, woman, family, sin, conviction, judgment, worship, redemption, murder, metallurgy, music, polygamy, civil government - and many others.

The Book of Genesis covers an undetermined length of time. It begins with the creation of the heavens and the earth, and closes with the death and burial of Joseph Since it is impossible to fix accurately the date of the creation, it is impossible to determine the time-span of Genesis.

Verses 1, 2:

"In the beginning..." at a point undetermined in time, "God," Elohim, (three) powerful ones. The "im" ending denotes plural; three or more. This designation of God implies the Trinity: Father, Son and Holy Spirit, see Mat 28:19-20; Mat 3:16-17; Joh 14:16; Joh 15:26; 2Co 13:14; Gal 4:4-6.

"Created," bara, cut, form, fashion. This word never means to make something out of nothing. It is an axiom that "from nothing comes nothing." God formed creation from something that already existed: His eternal power (dunamis), Rom 1:20. Einstein's equation, E=MC2 confirms that all matter is basically composed of energy. The creation of the heavens and the earth was sudden, as by the spoken word of God, Isa 48:3. The creation did not occur over a long period of time, spanning millions of years.

God is without flaw. For Him to do anything imperfect would be to mar His own perfection. Thus, the creation as it came from His power was perfect; it was not "in vain," as verse 2 describes (Isa 45:18). Something occurred in the interval between verse 1 and verse 2 that caused the earth to be in the condition described in verse 2.

"Was," literally "became," or came to be. "Without form and void" is tohu wa vohu, a condition of emptiness, waste, and desolation. The earth was not created in this form: it became thus, due to some catastrophic event. The following Scriptures describe what took place to make the earth to become a waste and desolation: Eze 28:12-17; Isa 14:12-14; Luk 10:18; Jer 4:21-26. A powerful arch-angel whom God had created rebelled against God, refusing to acknowledge the Second Person of the Trinity as Lord, Heb 1:6. Because of Lucifer's great wisdom and beauty, his heart was exalted in pride. He considered himself worthy of worship by Heaven's other created beings, on an equality with God Himself.

Because of this pride, God cast Lucifer out of Heaven, and stripped him of his dominion over His material creation. Lucifer fell to Planet Earth, destroying it and rendering it an emptiness, waste, and desolation, in the same way that lightning devastates what it strikes. Lucifer became Satan, the adversary, the Devil, the destroyer, the arch-enemy of God and His entire plan for all creation.

How long the earth lay in this condition of waste and desolation, only God Himself knows. It was long enough to account for every geological age which science has determined.

"The Spirit of God moved," literally, "the Spirit of God brooded," upon the "face of the deep." The Spirit hovered over the chaotic, desolate earth, to bring about order from chaos.

Verses of Genesis 1

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Consult other comments:

Genesis 1:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Genesis 1:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Genesis 1:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Genesis 1:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Genesis 1:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Genesis 1:1 - James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 1:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 1:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Genesis 1:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Genesis 1:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - Discovering Christ In Selected Books of the Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Genesis 1:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

Genesis 1:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Genesis 1:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Genesis 1:1 - The Great Texts of the Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 1:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Genesis 1:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Genesis 1:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Genesis 1:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Genesis 1:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

Genesis 1:1 - Mackintosh's Notes on the Pentateuch

Genesis 1:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Church Pulpit Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Genesis 1:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Genesis 1:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Genesis 1:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Genesis 1:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Genesis 1:1 - The Bible of the Expositor and the Evangelist by Riley

Genesis 1:1 - The Sermon Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

Genesis 1:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Genesis 1:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 1:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 1:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Genesis 1:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary