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Leviticus 23:34 Commentary - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

(34) The fifteenth day of this seventh month.—That is, the month Tishri, corresponding to the end of September and the beginning of October, and only four days after the day of Atonement.

Shall be the feast of tabernacles.—How and where these tabernacles are to be erected the law here gives no directions. The details, as in many other enactments, are left to the administrators of the Law. From the account of the first celebration of this festival after the return from Babylon, the Jews, according to the command of Ezra, made themselves booths upon the roofs of houses, in the courts of their dwellings, and of their sanctuary, in the streets of the Water-gate and the gate of Ephraim. These tabernacles they made of olive branches, pine branches, myrtle branches, palm branches, and branches of thick trees (Neh. 8:15-18). The construction of these temporary abodes, however, was more minutely defined by Ezra’s successors. It was ordained during the second Temple that the interior of each tabernacle must not be higher than twenty cubits, and not lower than ten palms, it must at least have three walls, with a thatched roof partially open so as to admit a view of the sky and the stars. It must not be under a tree, nor must it be covered with a cloth, or with any material which contracts defilement. Only branches or shrubs which grow out of the ground are to be used for the covering. These booths the Israelites began to erect on the morrow after the Day of Atonement. On the fourteenth, which was the day of preparation, the pilgrims came up to Jerusalem, and on the eve of this day the priests proclaimed the approach of the holy convocation by the blasts of trumpets. As on the feasts of Passover and Pentecost, the altar of burnt-offering was cleansed in the first night watch, and the gates of the Temple, as well as those of the inner court, were opened immediately after midnight, for the convenience of the priests who resided in the city, and for the people, who filled the court before the cock crew, to have their sacrifices duly examined by the priests.

Consult other comments:

Leviticus 23:34 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Leviticus 23:34 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Leviticus 23:34 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Leviticus 23:34 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Leviticus 23:34 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Leviticus 23:34 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 23:34 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Leviticus 23:34 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Leviticus 23:34 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Leviticus 23:34 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Leviticus 23:34 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 23:34 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 23:34 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)