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Leviticus 22:13 Commentary - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

(13) Be a widow, or divorced, and have no child.—An exception, however, to this rule is, when the priest’s married daughter loses her husband either by death or by divorce, and has no children; under such circumstances she may resume her family ties under her paternal roof. Having lost her bread supplier, she may eat again her father’s bread. She could, however, only eat of the heave-offerings, but not of the wave-breast and heave-shoulder.

Returned unto her father’s house, as in her youth.—As an inference from these words, two canons were enacted during the second Temple. (1) If thus left a widow without children, her departed husband has a surviving brother, who, according to the law, must marry his sister-in-law (see Lev. 18:16), and she is reserved for him, she cannot partake of the holy things, though she has temporarily “returned unto her father’s house.” Hence the Chaldee version renders this clause, “returned to her father’s house, and is not reserved for her husband’s brother.” And (2) if she is with child at the death of her husband, and on her return home, she must not eat of the holy things. If the child dies she then is permitted to be incorporated again in her father’s family.

Consult other comments:

Leviticus 22:13 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Leviticus 22:13 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Leviticus 22:13 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 22:13 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Leviticus 22:13 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Leviticus 22:13 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 22:13 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)