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Leviticus 19:13 Commentary - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

(13) Thou shalt not defraud.—Here oppression by fraud and oppression by violence are forbidden. It is probably in allusion to this passage that John the Baptist warned the soldiers who came to him: “And he said to them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages” (Luk. 3:14).

The wages of him that is hired.—From the declaration in the next clause, which forbids the retention of the wages over night, it is evident that the day labourer is here spoken of. As he is dependent upon his wages for the support of himself and his family, the Law protects him by enjoining that the earnings of the hireling should be promptly paid. This benign care for the labourer, and the denunciation against any attempt to defraud him, are again and again repeated in the Scriptures (Deu. 24:14-15; Jer. 32:13; Mal. 3:5; Jas. 5:4). Hence the humane interpretation which obtained of this law during the second Temple: “He who treats a hireling with harshness sins as grievously as if he hath taken away life, and transgresses five precepts.”

Consult other comments:

Leviticus 19:13 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Leviticus 19:13 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Leviticus 19:13 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Leviticus 19:13 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Leviticus 19:13 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 19:13 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Leviticus 19:13 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Leviticus 19:13 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Leviticus 19:13 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 19:13 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 19:13 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)