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Leviticus 16:29 Commentary - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

(29) And this shall be a statute for ever.—Literally, a statute of eternity, that is, an everlasting ordinance. That which is contained in Lev. 16:29-30 is binding upon the Israelites as long as they exist, and is to be observed by them annually.

In the seventh month, on the tenth day.—This month, which is called Tishri, corresponds to September, and is the month of great festivals. On the first is the Feast of Trumpets (see Lev. 23:24), on the tenth the Day of Atonement, and on the fourteenth begins the Feast of Tabernacles which lasts eight days.

Ye shall afflict your souls.—From Isa. 58:3; Isa. 58:5; Isa. 58:10 it is evident that by the phrase “to afflict the soul” is meant fasting. This is expressed by the fuller form, “to afflict the soul with fasting.” in Psa. 35:13, where the Authorised Version inconsistently translates it, “humbled my soul.” This is the only public fast ordained in the Mosaic Law; and the authorities during the second Temple defined more minutely in what this fasting consists. According to the canon law it consists not only in abstaining from eating and drinking, but from washing, anointing, wearing of shoes or sandals, and the marriage-bed, as they were the outward signs of joy. (Comp. Ecc. 9:10.) If any one presumptuously ate as much as a date with a kernel, or drank as much as fills one cheek, he violated the Law, and incurred the penalty of excision. If he did it unintentionally he had to bring a sin offering. The fast lasted from evening to evening, and is rigorously kept by Jews to this day. Exception was and still is made in the case of pregnant women, invalids, and children. This is the fast which the Apostle refers to in Act. 27:9. The marginal note on this passage, viz., “the fast was on the tenth day of the seventh month” (Lev. 23:27; Lev. 23:29), is not to be found in the first edition of the Authorised Version. It was introduced by Bishop Lloyd in the Bible published in London, 1701, fol., who took it from the Geneva Version (Geneva, 1560), and it was adopted in the Oxford 4to edition, 1703. When Christ admonishes his followers, “When thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face” (Mat. 6:17), He refers to the canonical law about fasting here given.

And do no work at all.—Better, ye shall do no manner of work, as the same phrase is rendered in the Authorised Version in Lev. 23:31. It is to be regretted that this legal phrase, which occurs five times in the Pentateuch, four of which are to be found in this very book (Lev. 16:29; Lev. 23:3; Lev. 23:28; Lev. 23:31; Num. 29:7), should have been translated differently in the Authorised Version. This variation is all the more glaring in Num. 29:7, which is the parallel passage to this. The day was to be a rest from all manual and other secular work exactly as on the Sabbath, with this exception, that whilst work on the Sabbath was punished with stoning, labour on the Day of Atonement was punished with excision.

A stranger that sojourneth among you.—That is, one of non-Jewish descent who had renounced idolatry, and-voluntarily joined the Jewish community. (See Exo. 12:19; Exo. 20:10.)

Consult other comments:

Leviticus 16:29 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Leviticus 16:29 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Leviticus 16:29 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Leviticus 16:29 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Leviticus 16:29 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Leviticus 16:29 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Leviticus 16:29 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Leviticus 16:29 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Leviticus 16:29 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 16:29 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 16:29 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Leviticus 16:29 - Geneva Bible Notes

Leviticus 16:29 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Leviticus 16:29 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 16:29 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Leviticus 16:29 - Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 16:29 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Leviticus 16:29 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Leviticus 16:29 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Leviticus 16:29 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Leviticus 16:29 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Leviticus 16:29 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Leviticus 16:29 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Leviticus 16:29 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 16:29 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 16:29 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)