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Leviticus 15:23 Commentary - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

(23) And if it be on her bed.—Better, and if any object be on her bed, that is, if anything happen to lie on her bed.

When he toucheth it.—Rather, if he toucheth it. Whilst the former two verses declare that if any one touches the bed itself, or the thing on which she sat, he contracts such a degree of defilement that he must wash his clothes, bathe his whole body, and remain in a state of pollution till sundown, the verse before us enacts that if he happens to touch any vessel, garment, or any other objects which are lying on the defiling bed or seat in question, he has only to remain unclean till sundown, without having to wash his garments. The defilement in this case is not primary, but secondary. It is no more the bed or seat which defiled by direct contact, but an object which the defiled bed or seat had defiled, the pollution in this case being indirect.

Consult other comments:

Leviticus 15:23 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 15:23 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)