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Leviticus 13:1 Commentary - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

XIII.

(1) And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron.—As laws of leprosy chiefly concerned the priests, who had to examine the symptoms and to decide whether they indicated the distemper or not, the Lord addressed the regulations to Aaron as well as to Moses. The leprosy discussed in this and the following chapters consists of three general classes: viz., (1) leprosy of man (Lev. 13:2-46); (2) leprosy of garments (Lev. 13:47-59); and (3) leprosy of houses (Lev. 14:33-57).

When a man shall have in the skin of his flesh.—In discussing the leprosy of man, the lawgiver enumerates six different circumstances under which it may develop itself. The first circumstance adduced in Lev. 13:2-6 is of its developing itself without an apparent cause. Hence it was enjoined that if anyone should notice in the skin of his flesh a rising or swelling, he should be taken to the priest. As the description of these symptoms is very concise, and requires to be specified more minutely for practical purposes, the spiritual guides of Israel, who had to explain the law to the priests during the second Temple, and who came in personal contact with this distemper, defined them as follows :—

A rising.—That is, a swelling, or swollen spot.

Or bright spot.—That is, a bright or glossy pimple. But these symptoms, when indicative of leprosy, assume respectively one of two colours, a principal or a subordinate colour. The principal colour of the rising spot is like that of an egg-shell, and the secondary one resembles white wool; whilst the principal colour of the bright pimple is white as snow, and the subordinate resembles plaster on the wall.

Then he shall be brought unto Aaron.—The following rules obtained during the second Temple with regard to the examination of the patient. Though anyone may examine the disease except the patient himself or his relations, yet the priest alone can decide whether it is leprosy or not, because the law declares that the priests must decide cases of litigation and disease (Deu. 21:5); hence the patient must “be brought unto Aaron,” &c. But though the priests only can pronounce the patient clean or unclean, even if he be a child or a fool, yet he must act upon the advice of a learned layman in those matters. If the priest is blind of one eye, or is weak-sighted, he is disqualified for examining the distemper. The inspection must not take place on the Sabbath, nor early in the morning, nor in the middle of the day, nor in the evening, nor on cloudy days, because the colour of the skin cannot properly be ascertained in those hours of the day; but it must take place in the third, fourth, fifth, seventh, eighth, and ninth hours.

Consult other comments:

Leviticus 13:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Leviticus 13:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Leviticus 13:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Leviticus 13:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Leviticus 13:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Leviticus 13:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Leviticus 13:1 - James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary

Leviticus 13:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 13:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

Leviticus 13:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 13:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Leviticus 13:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Leviticus 13:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Leviticus 13:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Leviticus 13:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Leviticus 13:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Leviticus 13:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 13:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Leviticus 13:1 - Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 13:1 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Leviticus 13:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Leviticus 13:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Leviticus 13:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Leviticus 13:1 - Mackintosh's Notes on the Pentateuch

Leviticus 13:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Leviticus 13:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Leviticus 13:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Leviticus 13:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Leviticus 13:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Leviticus 13:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Leviticus 13:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Leviticus 13:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Leviticus 13:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 13:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)