Genesis 2:1 Commentary - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)
4. The seventh day 2:1-3
"Gen 2:1-3 echoes Gen 1:1 by introducing the same phrases but in reverse order: ’he created,’ ’God,’ ’heavens and earth’ reappear as ’heavens and earth’ (Gen 2:1) ’God’ (Gen 2:2), ’created’ (Gen 2:3). This chiastic pattern brings the section to a neat close which is reinforced by the inclusion ’God created’ linking Gen 1:1 and Gen 2:3." [Note: Wenham, p. 5.]
The mood of the narrative also returns to what it was in Gen 1:1-2. Silence and calm prevail again. [Note: Michael Fishbane, Text and Texture, p. 9.]
Moses probably meant everything that existed above the earth and on the earth when he wrote "their hosts." The "host" of heaven usually refers to the stars in the Old Testament (e.g., Deu 4:19) more than the angels (e.g., 1Ki 22:19), so the sun, moon, and stars are probably in view here.
Consult other comments:
Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)
Copyright 2012, Dr. Thomas Constable. All Rights Reserved. Used with permission.
Dr. Thomas Constable graduated from Moody Bible Institute in 1960 and later graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary.
Dr. Constable is the founder of Dallas Seminary’s Field Education department (1970) and the Center for Biblical Studies (1973), both of which he directed for many years before assuming other responsibilities. Today Dr. Constable maintains an active academic, pulpit supply, and conference-speaking ministry around the world. He has ministered in nearly three dozen countries and written commentaries on every book of the Bible. Dr. Constable also founded Plano Bible Chapel, pastored it for twelve years, and has served as one of its elders for over thirty years.