Genesis 1:2 Commentary - Complete Bibliographical Reference of the Bible

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness [was] upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.


Genesis 1:2 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Genesis 1:2 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Genesis 1:2 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Genesis 1:2 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Genesis 1:2 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Genesis 1:2 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Genesis 1:2 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Genesis 1:2 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Genesis 1:2 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 1:2 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 1:2 - Geneva Bible Notes

Genesis 1:2 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Genesis 1:2 - The Great Texts of the Bible

Genesis 1:2 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 1:2 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Genesis 1:2 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Genesis 1:2 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Genesis 1:2 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Genesis 1:2 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Genesis 1:2 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Genesis 1:2 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Genesis 1:2 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 1:2 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments


(1): (conj.) In order to; -- used instead of the infinitival to, especially after try, come, go. (2): (conj.) It is sometimes, in old songs, a mere expletive. (3): (conj.) If; though. See An, conj. (4): (conj.) A particle which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.


(1): (v. i.) See Thee. (2): (definite article.) A word placed before nouns to limit or individualize their meaning. (3): (adv.) By that; by how much; by so much; on that account; -- used before comparatives; as, the longer we continue in sin, the more difficult it is to reform.


(1): (n.) The solid materials which make up the globe, in distinction from the air or water; the dry land. (2): (n.) The softer inorganic matter composing part of the surface of the globe, in distinction from the firm rock; soil of all kinds, including gravel, clay, loam, and the like; sometimes, soil favorable to the growth of plants; the visible surface of the globe; the ground; as, loose earth; rich earth. (3): (n.) The globe or planet which we inhabit; the world, in distinction from the sun, moon, or stars. Also, this world as the dwelling place of mortals, in distinction from the dwelling place of spirits. (4): (n.) A part of this globe; a region; a country; land. (5): (n.) Worldly things, as opposed to spiritual things; the pursuits, interests, and allurements of this life. (6): (n.) The people on the globe. (7): (n.) The connection of any part an electric conductor with the ground; specif., the connection of a telegraph line with the ground through a fault or otherwise. (8): (n.) A similar oxide, having a slight alkaline reaction, as lime, magnesia, strontia, baryta. (9): (n.) A hole in the ground, where an animal hides himself; as, the earth of a fox. (10): (n.) Any earthy-looking metallic oxide, as alumina, glucina, zirconia, yttria, and thoria. (11): (v. t.) To hide, or cause to hide, in the earth; to chase into a burrow or den. (12): (v. t.) To cover with earth or mold; to inter; to bury; -- sometimes with up. (13): (v. i.) To burrow. (14): (n.) A plowing.


Earth - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

Earth - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Earth - Easton's Bible Dictionary

Earth - Synonyms of the Old Testament

Earth - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Earth - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Earth - The Poor Man’s Concordance and Dictionary to the Sacred Scriptures

Earth - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Earth - Popular Cyclopedia Biblical Literature

Earth - Concise Bible Dictionary

Earth - Nave's Topical Bible

Earth - People's Dictionary of the Bible

Earth - Smith's Bible Dictionary

Earth - A Symbolical Dictionary

Earth - Thompson Chain-Reference Bible

Earth - Vine's Dictionary of New Testament Words

Earth - Biblical and Theological Dictionary

Earth - Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types


(1): (v.) The first and third persons singular of the verb be, in the indicative mood, preterit (imperfect) tense; as, I was; he was. (2): (imp.) of Be


(1): (prep.) Out of the limits of; out of reach of; beyond. (2): (adv.) On or art the outside; not on the inside; not within; outwardly; externally. (3): (adv.) Outside of the house; out of doors. (4): (prep.) Not with; otherwise than with; in absence of, separation from, or destitution of; not with use or employment of; independently of; exclusively of; with omission; as, without labor; without damage. (5): (conj.) Unless; except; -- introducing a clause. (6): (prep.) On or at the outside of; out of; not within; as, without doors.


Without - Vine's Dictionary of New Testament Words


(1): (n.) The shape and structure of anything, as distinguished from the material of which it is composed; particular disposition or arrangement of matter, giving it individuality or distinctive character; configuration; figure; external appearance. (2): (n.) To give form or shape to; to frame; to construct; to make; to fashion. (3): (n.) Established method of expression or practice; fixed way of proceeding; conventional or stated scheme; formula; as, a form of prayer. (4): (n.) Show without substance; empty, outside appearance; vain, trivial, or conventional ceremony; conventionality; formality; as, a matter of mere form. (5): (n.) Orderly arrangement; shapeliness; also, comeliness; elegance; beauty. (6): (n.) A shape; an image; a phantom. (7): (n.) The seat or bed of a hare. (8): (n.) The type or other matter from which an impression is to be taken, arranged and secured in a chase. (9): (n.) The boundary line of a material object. In painting, more generally, the human body. (10): (n.) The particular shape or structure of a word or part of speech; as, participial forms; verbal forms. (11): (n.) The combination of planes included under a general crystallographic symbol. It is not necessarily a closed solid. (12): (n.) That assemblage or disposition of qualities which makes a conception, or that internal constitution which makes an existing thing to be what it is; -- called essential or substantial form, and contradistinguished from matter; hence, active or formative nature; law of being or activity; subjectively viewed, an idea; objectively, a law. (13): (n.) Mode of acting or manifestation to the senses, or the intellect; as, water assumes the form of ice or snow. In modern usage, the elements of a conception furnished by the mind's own activity, as contrasted with its object or condition, which is called the matter; subjectively, a mode of apprehension or belief conceived as dependent on the constitution of the mind; objectively, universal and necessary accompaniments or elements of every object known or thought of. (14): (v. i.) To run to a form, as a hare. (15): (v. i.) To take a form, definite shape, or arrangement; as, the infantry should form in column. (16): (n.) To derive by grammatical rules, as by adding the proper suffixes and affixes. (17): (n.) The peculiar characteristics of an organism as a type of others; also, the structure of the parts of an animal or plant. (18): (n.) To go to make up; to act as constituent of; to be the essential or constitutive elements of; to answer for; to make the shape of; -- said of that out of which anything is formed or constituted, in whole or in part. (19): (v. t.) To treat (plates) so as to bring them to fit condition for introduction into a storage battery, causing one plate to be composed more or less of spongy lead, and the other of lead peroxide. This was formerly done by repeated slow alternations of the charging current, but now the plates or grids are coated or filled, one with a paste of red lead and the other with litharge, introduced into the cell, and formed by a direct charging current. (20): (n.) To give a particular shape to; to shape, mold, or fashion into a certain state or condition; to arrange; to adjust; also, to model by instruction and discipline; to mold by influence, etc.; to train. (21): (n.) That by which shape is given or determined; mold; pattern; model. (22): (n.) A long seat; a bench; hence, a rank of students in a school; a class; also, a class or rank in society. (23): (n.) Constitution; mode of construction, organization, etc.; system; as, a republican form of government. (24): (n.) To provide with a form, as a hare. See Form, n., 9.


Form - Dictionary of the Apostolic Church

Form - Catholic Encyclopedia

Form - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Form - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Form - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Form - Nave's Topical Bible

Form - The Dictionary of Philosophy

Form - The Dictionary of Philosophy

Form - Synonyms of the New Testament


(1): (a.) Containing nothing; empty; vacant; not occupied; not filled. (2): (a.) Having no incumbent; unoccupied; -- said of offices and the like. (3): (a.) Not producing any effect; ineffectual; vain. (4): (a.) Containing no immaterial quality; destitute of mind or soul. (5): (a.) Of no legal force or effect, incapable of confirmation or ratification; null. Cf. Voidable, 2. (6): (a.) Being without; destitute; free; wanting; devoid; as, void of learning, or of common use. (7): (n.) An empty space; a vacuum. (8): (a.) To remove the contents of; to make or leave vacant or empty; to quit; to leave; as, to void a table. (9): (a.) To throw or send out; to evacuate; to emit; to discharge; as, to void excrements. (10): (a.) To render void; to make to be of no validity or effect; to vacate; to annul; to nullify. (11): (v. i.) To be emitted or evacuated.


Void - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Void - Vine's Dictionary of New Testament Words


(1): (n.) A state of privacy; secrecy. (2): (n.) The absence of light; blackness; obscurity; gloom. (3): (n.) A state of ignorance or error, especially on moral or religious subjects; hence, wickedness; impurity. (4): (n.) Want of clearness or perspicuity; obscurity; as, the darkness of a subject, or of a discussion. (5): (n.) A state of distress or trouble.


Darkness - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

Darkness - Dictionary of the Apostolic Church

Darkness - Theological Dictionary

Darkness - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Darkness - Easton's Bible Dictionary

Darkness - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Darkness - Bridgeway Bible Dictionary

Darkness - A Dictionary Of Christ And The Gospels

Darkness - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Darkness - The Poor Man’s Concordance and Dictionary to the Sacred Scriptures

Darkness - Popular Cyclopedia Biblical Literature

Darkness - Concise Bible Dictionary

Darkness - Nave's Topical Bible

Darkness - Smith's Bible Dictionary

Darkness - A Symbolical Dictionary

Darkness - Synonyms of the New Testament

Darkness - Biblical and Theological Dictionary


(prep.) On; -- used in all the senses of that word, with which it is interchangeable.


Upon - Vine's Dictionary of New Testament Words


(1): (n.) That part of a body, having several sides, which may be seen from one point, or which is presented toward a certain direction; one of the bounding planes of a solid; as, a cube has six faces. (2): (n.) The exterior form or appearance of anything; that part which presents itself to the view; especially, the front or upper part or surface; that which particularly offers itself to the view of a spectator. (3): (n.) The principal dressed surface of a plate, disk, or pulley; the principal flat surface of a part or object. (4): (n.) That part of the acting surface of a cog in a cog wheel, which projects beyond the pitch line. (5): (n.) The width of a pulley, or the length of a cog from end to end; as, a pulley or cog wheel of ten inches face. (6): (n.) The upper surface, or the character upon the surface, of a type, plate, etc. (7): (n.) The style or cut of a type or font of type. (8): (n.) Outside appearance; surface show; look; external aspect, whether natural, assumed, or acquired. (9): (n.) That part of the head, esp. of man, in which the eyes, cheeks, nose, and mouth are situated; visage; countenance. (10): (n.) Cast of features; expression of countenance; look; air; appearance. (11): (n.) Ten degrees in extent of a sign of the zodiac. (12): (n.) Maintenance of the countenance free from abashment or confusion; confidence; boldness; shamelessness; effrontery. (13): (n.) Presence; sight; front; as in the phrases, before the face of, in the immediate presence of; in the face of, before, in, or against the front of; as, to fly in the face of danger; to the face of, directly to; from the face of, from the presence of. (14): (n.) Mode of regard, whether favorable or unfavorable; favor or anger; mostly in Scriptural phrases. (15): (n.) The end or wall of the tunnel, drift, or excavation, at which work is progressing or was last done. (16): (n.) The exact amount expressed on a bill, note, bond, or other mercantile paper, without any addition for interest or reduction for discount. (17): (v. t.) To cover in front, for ornament, protection, etc.; to put a facing upon; as, a building faced with marble. (18): (v. i.) To turn the face; as, to face to the right or left. (19): (v. t.) To meet in front; to oppose with firmness; to resist, or to meet for the purpose of stopping or opposing; to confront; to encounter; as, to face an enemy in the field of battle. (20): (v. i.) To present a face or front. (21): (v. t.) To Confront impudently; to bully. (22): (v. t.) To stand opposite to; to stand with the face or front toward; to front upon; as, the apartments of the general faced the park. (23): (v. i.) To carry a false appearance; to play the hypocrite. (24): (v. t.) To line near the edge, esp. with a different material; as, to face the front of a coat, or the bottom of a dress. (25): (v. t.) To cover with better, or better appearing, material than the mass consists of, for purpose of deception, as the surface of a box of tea, a barrel of sugar, etc. (26): (v. t.) To make the surface of (anything) flat or smooth; to dress the face of (a stone, a casting, etc.); esp., in turning, to shape or smooth the flat surface of, as distinguished from the cylindrical surface. (27): (v. t.) To cause to turn or present a face or front, as in a particular direction.


Face - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

Face - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Face - Easton's Bible Dictionary

Face - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Face - A Dictionary Of Christ And The Gospels

Face - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Face - The Poor Man’s Concordance and Dictionary to the Sacred Scriptures

Face - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Face - Popular Cyclopedia Biblical Literature

Face - Nave's Topical Bible

Face - People's Dictionary of the Bible

Face - A Symbolical Dictionary

Face - Vine's Dictionary of New Testament Words

Face - Biblical and Theological Dictionary

Face - Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types


(1): (prep.) Denoting reference to a thing; about; concerning; relating to; as, to boast of one's achievements. (2): (prep.) Denoting the agent, or person by whom, or thing by which, anything is, or is done; by. (3): (prep.) Denoting part of an aggregate or whole; belonging to a number or quantity mentioned; out of; from amongst; as, of this little he had some to spare; some of the mines were unproductive; most of the company. (4): (prep.) Denoting that by which a person or thing is actuated or impelled; also, the source of a purpose or action; as, they went of their own will; no body can move of itself; he did it of necessity. (5): (prep.) Denoting nearness or distance, either in space or time; from; as, within a league of the town; within an hour of the appointed time. (6): (prep.) Denoting identity or equivalence; -- used with a name or appellation, and equivalent to the relation of apposition; as, the continent of America; the city of Rome; the Island of Cuba. (7): (prep.) Denoting relation to place or time; belonging to, or connected with; as, men of Athens; the people of the Middle Ages; in the days of Herod. (8): (prep.) In a general sense, from, or out from; proceeding from; belonging to; relating to; concerning; -- used in a variety of applications; as: (9): (prep.) Denoting passage from one state to another; from. (10): (prep.) Denoting possession or ownership, or the relation of subject to attribute; as, the apartment of the consul: the power of the king; a man of courage; the gate of heaven. (11): (prep.) During; in the course of. (12): (prep.) Denoting that from which anything proceeds; indicating origin, source, descent, and the like; as, he is of a race of kings; he is of noble blood. (13): (prep.) Denoting the material of which anything is composed, or that which it contains; as, a throne of gold; a sword of steel; a wreath of mist; a cup of water.


Of - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Of - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Of - Vine's Dictionary of New Testament Words


(1): (superl.) Extending far below the surface; of great perpendicular dimension (measured from the surface downward, and distinguished from high, which is measured upward); far to the bottom; having a certain depth; as, a deep sea. (2): (n.) That which is deep, especially deep water, as the sea or ocean; an abyss; a great depth. (3): (n.) That which is profound, not easily fathomed, or incomprehensible; a moral or spiritual depth or abyss. (4): (adv.) To a great depth; with depth; far down; profoundly; deeply. (5): (superl.) Low in situation; lying far below the general surface; as, a deep valley. (6): (superl.) Muddy; boggy; sandy; -- said of roads. (7): (superl.) Of low tone; full-toned; not high or sharp; grave; heavy. (8): (superl.) Strongly colored; dark; intense; not light or thin; as, deep blue or crimson. (9): (superl.) Profound; thorough; complete; unmixed; intense; heavy; heartfelt; as, deep distress; deep melancholy; deep horror. (10): (superl.) Of penetrating or far-reaching intellect; not superficial; thoroughly skilled; sagacious; cunning. (11): (superl.) Hard to penetrate or comprehend; profound; -- opposed to shallow or superficial; intricate; mysterious; not obvious; obscure; as, a deep subject or plot. (12): (superl.) Extending far back from the front or outer part; of great horizontal dimension (measured backward from the front or nearer part, mouth, etc.); as, a deep cave or recess or wound; a gallery ten seats deep; a company of soldiers six files deep.


Deep - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Deep - Easton's Bible Dictionary

Deep - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Deep - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Deep - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Deep - Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types


(1): (n.) A solution in alcohol of a volatile principle. Cf. Tincture. (2): (n.) A rough breathing; an aspirate, as the letter h; also, a mark to denote aspiration; a breathing. (3): (n.) Tenuous, volatile, airy, or vapory substance, possessed of active qualities. (4): (n.) Any liquid produced by distillation; especially, alcohol, the spirits, or spirit, of wine (it having been first distilled from wine): -- often in the plural. (5): (n.) Rum, whisky, brandy, gin, and other distilled liquors having much alcohol, in distinction from wine and malt liquors. (6): (n.) Intent; real meaning; -- opposed to the letter, or to formal statement; also, characteristic quality, especially such as is derived from the individual genius or the personal character; as, the spirit of an enterprise, of a document, or the like. (7): (n.) Energy, vivacity, ardor, enthusiasm, courage, etc. (8): (n.) Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes, life itself. (9): (v. t.) To animate with vigor; to excite; to encourage; to inspirit; as, civil dissensions often spirit the ambition of private men; -- sometimes followed by up. (10): (v. t.) To convey rapidly and secretly, or mysteriously, as if by the agency of a spirit; to kidnap; -- often with away, or off. (11): (n.) Life, or living substance, considered independently of corporeal existence; an intelligence conceived of apart from any physical organization or embodiment; vital essence, force, or energy, as distinct from matter. (12): (n.) Any one of the four substances, sulphur, sal ammoniac, quicksilver, or arsenic (or, according to some, orpiment). (13): (n.) The intelligent, immaterial and immortal part of man; the soul, in distinction from the body in which it resides; the agent or subject of vital and spiritual functions, whether spiritual or material. (14): (n.) Stannic chloride. See under Stannic. (15): (n.) Specifically, a disembodied soul; the human soul after it has left the body. (16): (n.) Any supernatural being, good or bad; an apparition; a specter; a ghost; also, sometimes, a sprite,; a fairy; an elf. (17): (n.) Temper or disposition of mind; mental condition or disposition; intellectual or moral state; -- often in the plural; as, to be cheerful, or in good spirits; to be downhearted, or in bad spirits. (18): (n.) One who is vivacious or lively; one who evinces great activity or peculiar characteristics of mind or temper; as, a ruling spirit; a schismatic spirit.


Spirit - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

Spirit - Theological Dictionary

Spirit - Catholic Encyclopedia

Spirit - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Spirit - Easton's Bible Dictionary

Spirit - Synonyms of the Old Testament

Spirit - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Spirit - Bridgeway Bible Dictionary

Spirit - A Dictionary Of Christ And The Gospels

Spirit - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Spirit - The Poor Man’s Concordance and Dictionary to the Sacred Scriptures

Spirit - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Spirit - Popular Cyclopedia Biblical Literature

Spirit - Concise Bible Dictionary

Spirit - Nave's Topical Bible

Spirit - People's Dictionary of the Bible

Spirit - The Dictionary of Philosophy

Spirit - Vine's Dictionary of New Testament Words

Spirit - Biblical and Theological Dictionary


(1): (a. & n.) Good. (2): (n.) A being conceived of as possessing supernatural power, and to be propitiated by sacrifice, worship, etc.; a divinity; a deity; an object of worship; an idol. (3): (n.) The Supreme Being; the eternal and infinite Spirit, the Creator, and the Sovereign of the universe; Jehovah. (4): (n.) Figuratively applied to one who wields great or despotic power. (5): (v. t.) To treat as a god; to idolize. (6): (n.) A person or thing deified and honored as the chief good; an object of supreme regard.


God - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

God - Dictionary of the Apostolic Church

God - Theological Dictionary

God - New Catholic Dictionary

God - Catholic Encyclopedia

God - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

God - Easton's Bible Dictionary

God - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

God - Bridgeway Bible Dictionary

God - A Dictionary Of Christ And The Gospels

God - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

God - The Poor Man’s Concordance and Dictionary to the Sacred Scriptures

God - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

God - Popular Cyclopedia Biblical Literature

God - Concise Bible Dictionary

God - Nave's Topical Bible

God - People's Dictionary of the Bible

God - The Dictionary of Philosophy

God - Smith's Bible Dictionary

God - Vine's Dictionary of New Testament Words

God - Biblical and Theological Dictionary


(imp. & p. p.) of Move



Waters - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Complete Bibliographical Reference of the Bible