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Revelation 21:14 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

14. And the wall … twelve foundations ] Probably each of the twelve sections into which the wall is divided by the gates rests on an enormous jewel, reaching from gate to gate. This symbolises the solidity as well as the beauty of the divine structure: and was itself symbolised by the enormous size of the stones used in the foundations of the earthly temple. See St Mar 13:1 and parallels. Had is literally having, a solecism like that of Rev 21:12.

twelve names of the twelve apostles ] Expressing the same doctrine as St Paul in Eph 2:20, and (probably) our Lord in St Mat 16:18. It is absurd to suppose that there is any pointed insistance on the Apostles being only twelve, St Paul being excluded: to introduce thirteen or fourteen would have spoilt the symmetry characteristic of the whole vision. We might just as well say, that there ought to be thirteen gates for the thirteen tribes; counting Ephraim, Manasseh and Levi all as coordinate with the rest. Really, it is idle to ask whether the twelfth name was that of St Paul or St Matthias. St John does not notice his own name being written there, though of course it was (cf. St Luk 10:20); the Apostles are here mentioned in their collective and official, not in their individual character. (See on Rev 5:5.)

of the Lamb ] His identity is taken for granted with the Jesus of the earthly ministry, as in Rev 14:1 with the Son of God.

Consult other comments:

Revelation 21:14 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Revelation 21:14 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Revelation 21:14 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Revelation 21:14 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Revelation 21:14 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Revelation 21:14 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Revelation 21:14 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Revelation 21:14 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Revelation 21:14 - Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

Revelation 21:14 - Geneva Bible Notes

Revelation 21:14 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Revelation 21:14 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Revelation 21:14 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Revelation 21:14 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Revelation 21:14 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Revelation 21:14 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Revelation 21:14 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 21:14 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Revelation 21:14 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Revelation 21:14 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

Revelation 21:14 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges