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Verses of Deuteronomy 10

12

Deuteronomy 10:12 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

12. And now ] in conclusion; in the same way opened the concluding stage of the first discourses, Deu 4:1.

What doth … require of thee ] what is … asking of thee. Cp. Mic 6:8, seeking from thee. The force of the question lies in this, that it is nothing impossible or extraordinary or complicated, that God demands, but what is simple and within the people’s duty.

to fear ] Deu 4:10 ( q.v.), Deu 6:2; Deu 6:13, Deu 10:20.

to walk in all his ways ] See on Deu 5:33.

to love him … with all thy heart, etc.] See on Deu 6:5.

to serve ] or worship; see on Deu 4:19, Deu 6:13; combined with love or fear, Deu 10:20, Deu 11:13, Deu 13:4, etc., and deuteronomic passages in other books.

13. to keep ] or in that thou keepest, for this is how they are to fear and love Him.

commandments … and statutes ] Varied from Deu 7:11. for thy good, Deu 6:24. That the verse is made up of formulas does not necessarily prove its secondary character (Steuern.).

12, 13 sum up once more the main demand of the discourses.

Chs. Deu 10:12 to Deu 11:32. Final Exhortations, Introductory to the Laws

Enforced by the preceding Retrospect, the discourse continues to urge its practical conclusions of full fear and love to God, by worshipping and obeying Him (Deu 10:12-13); because, though all heaven and earth is His, He was pleased to love the fathers of Israel and to choose their posterity (Deu 10:14-15). Changing to the Pl. address the discourse urges Israel to circumcise their hearts and be no more stiffnecked, for their God is the greatest God and Lord, mightiest and most terrible and absolutely impartial (Deu 10:16-17). He secures justice for the widow and orphan and loves the stranger, as Israel, themselves strangers in Egypt, must do (Deu 10:18-19). Returning to the Sg. exhortations follow to fear, worship, and cleave to Jehovah, for He is Israel’s God who has done all these mighty things for the people, and out of seventy individuals who went down to Egypt, made them a multitude like to the stars; therefore loving God they shall keep His commandments (Deu 10:20 to Deu 11:1). Once more in the Pl., Israel are reminded of the discipline of God, which they themselves have experienced in their deliverance from Egypt and guidance through the desert, and in the punishment for rebellion of Dathan and Abiram (Deu 10:2-7); therefore they shall keep the commandment, that they may be strong, possess the land and prolong their days upon it (Deu 10:8-9). Oscillating between Sg. and Pl. there follows a description of the distinction of the land from the flat and rainless Egypt, irrigated from the Nile by the foot of man: it is a land whose water comes from heaven and God’s eyes are always upon it (Deu 10:10-12); if Israel observe His commandments (vv. here the discourse passes from Moses to the person of the Deity), He will give the rains in their seasons and fulness of crops (Deu 10:13-15). Let them not turn away from Him to other gods, lest in His anger He send drought and they perish (Deu 10:16-17). Therefore they shall lay His words to heart, bind them as signs on their hands and brows, teach them to their children, and write them by their doors and gates that their days, and their children’s, may be long in the land (Deu 10:18-21). For if they keep all his commandments (vv. the discourse is already again in the person of Moses) God will expel all these nations and give them every part of the land they tread, from the desert to Lebanon and from the Euphrates to the Western Sea (Deu 10:22-22). The speaker, in short, has set a blessing and a curse before Israel on conditions respectively, and they shall put them up on Gerizim and Ebal on the other side of Jordan, which they are about to cross and then they must keep all the statutes and judgments now to be delivered to them (Deut 10:26 32). So we reach the close of the discourses introductory to the Laws. The frequent changes between the Sg. and Pl. forms of address, sometimes coinciding with transitions to subjects not always relevant to the main theme of the discourses, are proof of the composite character of this closing section; and after the text (which, as the versions show, is by no means certain) has been corrected, furnish material for the question whether it is possible to discriminate two original discourses, introductory to the Code, one Sg. the other Pl., or whether the changes of address may be explained by the expansion of one original at the hands of editors.

Verses of Deuteronomy 10

12

Consult other comments:

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Deuteronomy 10:12 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Deuteronomy 10:12 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Geneva Bible Notes

Deuteronomy 10:12 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae (Old and New Testaments)

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Deuteronomy 10:12 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Church Pulpit Commentary

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Deuteronomy 10:12 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Deuteronomy 10:12 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Deuteronomy 10:12 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Deuteronomy 10:12 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Deuteronomy 10:12 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges