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John 5:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

1 9. The Sign at the Pool of Bethesda

1. After this ] Better, After these things, a more indefinite sequence.

a feast of the Jews ] This is the reading of highest authority, although some important MSS. read ‘ the feast of the Jews,’ probably because from very early times this feast was believed to be the Passover. If ‘ a feast’ is the true reading, this alone is almost conclusive against its being the Passover; S. John would not call the Passover ‘a feast of the Jews.’ Moreover in all other cases where he mentions Passovers he lets us know that they are Passovers and not simply feasts, Joh 2:13, Joh 6:4, Joh 11:55, &c. He gives us three Passovers; to make this a fourth would be to put an extra year into our Lord’s ministry for which scarcely any events can be found, and of which there is no trace elsewhere. Almost every other feast, and even the Day of Atonement, have been suggested; but the only one which fits in satisfactorily is Purim. We saw from Joh 4:35 that the two days in Samaria were either in December or January. The next certain date Isa 6:4, the eve of the Passover, i.e. April. Purim, which was celebrated in March (14th and 15th Adar), falls just in the right place in the interval. This feast commemorated the deliverance of the Jews from Haman, and took its name from the lots which he caused to be cast (Est 3:7; Est 9:24; Est 9:26; Est 9:28). It was a boisterous feast, and some have thought it unlikely that Christ would have anything to do with it. But we are not told that He went to Jerusalem in order to keep the feast; Purim might be kept anywhere. More probably He went because the multitudes at the feast would afford great opportunities for teaching. Moreover, it does not follow that because some made this feast a scene of unseemly jollity, therefore Christ would discountenance the feast itself.

Joh 2:13 to Joh 11:57 . The Work

We here enter on the second portion of the first main division of the Gospel, thus subdivided: The Work (1) among Jews, (2) among Samaritans, (3) among Galileans, (4) among mixed multitudes.

Consult other comments:

John 5:1 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

John 5:1 - The Greek Testament

John 5:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

John 5:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 5:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 5:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

John 5:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 5:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 5:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

John 5:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

John 5:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 5:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

John 5:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

John 5:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 5:1 - James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary

John 5:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 5:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

John 5:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

John 5:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 5:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

John 5:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 5:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

John 5:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

John 5:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

John 5:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

John 5:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 5:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

John 5:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 5:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 5:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

John 5:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

John 5:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

John 5:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 5:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 5:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

John 5:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

John 5:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 5:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

John 5:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 5:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

John 5:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

John 5:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

John 5:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

John 5:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 5:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

John 5:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

John 5:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

John 5:1 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

John 5:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

John 5:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

John 5:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 5:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 5:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 5:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

John 5:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 5:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 5:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

John 5:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 5:1 - The Sermon Bible

John 5:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

John 5:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 5:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 5:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 5:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

John 5:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 5:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 5:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges