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John 11:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

1 33. The Prelude to the Sign

1. Now a certain man was sick ] Note once more the touching simplicity of the narrative. ‘Now’ should perhaps be ‘but,’ though the Greek particle may mean either. Here it introduces a contrast to what precedes. Christ went into Peraea for retirement, but the sickness of Lazarus interrupted it.

named Lazarus ] The theory that this narrative is a parable transformed into a miracle possibly represents something like the reverse of the fact. The parable of Dives and Lazarus was apparently spoken about this time, i.e. between the Feast of Dedication and the last Passover, and it may possibly have been suggested by this miracle. In no other parable does Christ introduce a proper name. Some would identify Lazarus of Bethany with the rich young ruler (Mat 19:16; Mar 10:17; Luk 18:18), and also with the young man clad in a linen cloth who followed Jesus in the Garden after the disciples had fled (Mar 14:51; see note there). The name Lazarus is an abbreviated Greek form of Eleazar = ‘God is my help.’ It is commonly assumed without much evidence that he was younger than his sisters: S. Luke’s silence about him (Joh 10:38-39) agrees well with this.

Bethany ] A small village on the S. E. slope of the Mount of Olives, about two miles from Jerusalem (see on Mat 21:9).

the town of Mary ] Better, of the village of Mary. The same word is used of Bethlehem (Joh 7:42) and in conjunction with ‘towns’ or ‘cities’ (Luk 13:22), It is an elastic word; but its general meaning is ‘village’ rather than anything larger. Mary is here mentioned first, although apparently the younger sister (Luk 10:28), because the incident mentioned in the next verse had made her better known. They would seem to have been people of position from the village being described as their abode (to distinguish it from the other Bethany in Peraea, to which Christ had just gone). The guests at the funeral ( Joh 11:31 ; Joh 11:45), the feast, the family burying-place ( Joh 11:38), and Mary’s costly offering (Joh 12:2-3), point in the same direction.

Joh 2:13 to Joh 11:57 . The Work

We here enter on the second portion of the first main division of the Gospel, thus subdivided: The Work (1) among Jews, (2) among Samaritans, (3) among Galileans, (4) among mixed multitudes.

Consult other comments:

John 11:1 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

John 11:1 - The Greek Testament

John 11:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

John 11:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

John 11:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 11:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

John 11:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

John 11:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

John 11:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

John 11:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

John 11:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

John 11:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

John 11:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

John 11:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

John 11:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

John 11:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

John 11:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

John 11:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

John 11:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

John 11:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

John 11:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

John 11:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

John 11:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

John 11:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

John 11:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

John 11:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

John 11:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

John 11:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

John 11:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

John 11:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

John 11:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

John 11:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

John 11:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

John 11:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 11:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

John 11:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

John 11:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

John 11:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

John 11:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

John 11:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

John 11:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

John 11:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

John 11:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

John 11:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

John 11:1 - Church Pulpit Commentary

John 11:1 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

John 11:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

John 11:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

John 11:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

John 11:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

John 11:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

John 11:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

John 11:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

John 11:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

John 11:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

John 11:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 11:1 - The Sermon Bible

John 11:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

John 11:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 11:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

John 11:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 11:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

John 11:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

John 11:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

John 11:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges