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Luke 18:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luk 18:1-8. The Duty of Urgent Prayer. The Unjust Judge.

1. that men ought always to pray ] Rather, that they ought always to pray, since the true reading adds abrov s. It is only here and in Luk 18:9 that the explanation or point of a parable is given before the parable itself. Both parables are peculiar to St Luke. The duty inculcated is rather urgent prayer (as in Luk 11:5-13) than that spirit of unflagging prayer which is elsewhere enforced, Luk 21:36; 1Th 5:17; Eph 6:18. “Prayer is the soid s sincere desire Uttered, or unexpressed.”

and not to faint ] The word used is a late word meaning to give in through cowardice, or give up from faint-heartedness. It is a Pauline word, 2Co 4:1; 2Co 4:16; Gal 6:9.

Luk 9:51 to Luk 18:31 . Rejected by the Samaritans. A lesson of Tolerance.

This section forms a great episode in St Luke, which may be called the departure for the final conflict, and is identical with the journey (probably to the Feast of the Dedication, Joh 10:22) which is partially Luk 9:51-56. And it came to pass, when the time was come that he touched upon in Mat 18:1 to Mat 20:16 and Mar 10:1-31. It contains many incidents recorded by this Evangelist alone, and though the recorded identifications of time and place are vague, yet they all point (Luk 9:51, Luk 13:22, Luk 17:11, Luk 10:38) to a slow, solemn, and public progress from Galilee to Jerusalem, of which the events themselves are often grouped by subjective considerations. So little certain is the order of the separate incidents, that one writer (Rev. W. Stewart) has made an ingenious attempt to shew that it is determined by the alphabetic arrangement of the leading Greek verbs ( ἀγαπᾶν , Luk 10:25-42; αἰτεῖν , Luk 11:1-5; Luk 11:8-13, &c.). Canon Westcott arranges the order thus: The Rejection of the Jews foreshewn; preparation, Luk 9:43 toLuk 11:13; Lessons of Warning, Luk 11:14 toLuk 13:9; Lessons of Progress, Luk 13:10 toLuk 14:24; Lessons of Discipleship, Luk 14:25 xvii. 10; the Coming End, Luk 17:10 toLuk 18:30.

The order of events after ‘the Galilaean spring’ of our Lord’s ministry on the plain of Gennesareth seems to have been this: After the period of flight among the heathen or in countries which were only semi-Jewish, of which almost the sole recorded incident is the healing of the daughter of the Syrophoenician woman (Mat 15:21-28 ). He returned to Peraea and fed the four thousand. He then sailed back to Gennesareth, but left it in deep sorrow on being met by the Pharisees with insolent demands for a sign from heaven. Turning His back once more on Galilee, He again travelled northwards; healed a blind man at Bethsaida Julias; received St Peter’s great confession on the way to Caesarea Philippi; was transfigured; healed the demoniac boy; rebuked the ambition of the disciples by the example of the little child; returned for a brief rest in Capernaum, during which occurred the incident of the Temple Tax; then journeyed to the Feast of Tabernacles, during which occurred the incidents so fully narrated by St John (Joh 7:1 to Joh 10:21). The events and teachings in this great section of St Luke seem to belong mainly, if not entirely, to the two months between the hasty return of Jesus to Galilee and His arrival in Jerusalem, two months afterwards, at the Feast of Dedication; a period respecting which St Luke must have had access to special sources of information.

For fuller discussion of the question I must refer to my Life of Christ, ii. 89-150.

Consult other comments:

Luke 18:1 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Luke 18:1 - The Greek Testament

Luke 18:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

Luke 18:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Luke 18:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 18:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Luke 18:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Luke 18:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luke 18:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Luke 18:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 18:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Luke 18:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Luke 18:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Luke 18:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Luke 18:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 18:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Luke 18:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

Luke 18:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 18:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Luke 18:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Luke 18:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Luke 18:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Luke 18:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 18:1 - Discovering Christ In Selected Books of the Bible

Luke 18:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Luke 18:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Luke 18:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Luke 18:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Luke 18:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 18:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 18:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

Luke 18:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 18:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Luke 18:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 18:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Luke 18:1 - Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 18:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

Luke 18:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 18:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Luke 18:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Luke 18:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Luke 18:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Luke 18:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Luke 18:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

Luke 18:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

Luke 18:1 - Expositions Of Holy Scripture by Alexander MacLaren

Luke 18:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

Luke 18:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Luke 18:1 - Church Pulpit Commentary

Luke 18:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Luke 18:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 18:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Luke 18:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Luke 18:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 18:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Luke 18:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Luke 18:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Luke 18:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

Luke 18:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 18:1 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Luke 18:1 - The Sermon Bible

Luke 18:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

Luke 18:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 18:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 18:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 18:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Luke 18:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

Luke 18:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 18:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

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