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Luke 14:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

1-6. Sabbath healing of a Man with the Dropsy.

1. of one of the chief Pharisees ] Rather, of the Rulers of the Pharisees. The rendering of our version gives the general sense but is inadmissible. It is perhaps due to the translators being aware that the Pharisees had (strictly speaking) no Rulers. There were no grades of distinction between-Pharisees as such. But obviously the expression would be popularly used of a Pharisee who was an eminent Rabbi like Hillel or Shammai, or of one who was also a Sanhedrist.

to eat bread on the sabbath day ] Sabbath entertainments of a luxurious and joyous character were the rule among the Jews, and were even regarded as a religious duty (Neh 8:9-12). All the food was however cooked on the previous day (Exo 16:23). That our Lord accepted the invitation, though He was well aware of the implacable hostility of the Pharisaic party towards Him, was due to His gracious spirit of forgiving friendliness; and to this we owe the beautiful picture of His discourse and bearing throughout the feast which this chapter preserves for us. Every incident and remark of the banquet was turned to good. We have first the scene in the house (Luk 14:1-6); then the manoeuvres to secure precedence at the meal (Luk 14:7-11); then the lesson to the host about the choice of guests (Luk 14:12-14); then the Parable of the King’s Feast suggested by the vapid exclamation of one of the company (Luk 14:15-24).

that they watched him ] More emphatically in the original ‘ and they themselves were carefully watching Him,’ comp. Luk 6:7. The invitation in fact even more than those in Luk 7:36, Luk 11:37 was a mere plot; part of that elaborate espionage, and malignant heresy-hunting (Luk 11:53-54, Luk 20:20; Mar 12:13), which is the mark of a decadent religion, and which the Pharisees performed with exemplary diligence. The Pharisees regarded it as their great object in life to exalt their sacred books; had they never read so much as this? “the wicked watcheth the righteous and seeketh occasion to slay him,” Psa 37:32; “all that watch for iniquity are cut off, that make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate,” Isa 29:20-21.

Luk 9:51 to Luk 18:31 . Rejected by the Samaritans. A lesson of Tolerance.

This section forms a great episode in St Luke, which may be called the departure for the final conflict, and is identical with the journey (probably to the Feast of the Dedication, Joh 10:22) which is partially Luk 9:51-56. And it came to pass, when the time was come that he touched upon in Mat 18:1 to Mat 20:16 and Mar 10:1-31. It contains many incidents recorded by this Evangelist alone, and though the recorded identifications of time and place are vague, yet they all point (Luk 9:51, Luk 13:22, Luk 17:11, Luk 10:38) to a slow, solemn, and public progress from Galilee to Jerusalem, of which the events themselves are often grouped by subjective considerations. So little certain is the order of the separate incidents, that one writer (Rev. W. Stewart) has made an ingenious attempt to shew that it is determined by the alphabetic arrangement of the leading Greek verbs ( ἀγαπᾶν , Luk 10:25-42; αἰτεῖν , Luk 11:1-5; Luk 11:8-13, &c.). Canon Westcott arranges the order thus: The Rejection of the Jews foreshewn; preparation, Luk 9:43 toLuk 11:13; Lessons of Warning, Luk 11:14 toLuk 13:9; Lessons of Progress, Luk 13:10 toLuk 14:24; Lessons of Discipleship, Luk 14:25 xvii. 10; the Coming End, Luk 17:10 toLuk 18:30.

The order of events after ‘the Galilaean spring’ of our Lord’s ministry on the plain of Gennesareth seems to have been this: After the period of flight among the heathen or in countries which were only semi-Jewish, of which almost the sole recorded incident is the healing of the daughter of the Syrophoenician woman (Mat 15:21-28 ). He returned to Peraea and fed the four thousand. He then sailed back to Gennesareth, but left it in deep sorrow on being met by the Pharisees with insolent demands for a sign from heaven. Turning His back once more on Galilee, He again travelled northwards; healed a blind man at Bethsaida Julias; received St Peter’s great confession on the way to Caesarea Philippi; was transfigured; healed the demoniac boy; rebuked the ambition of the disciples by the example of the little child; returned for a brief rest in Capernaum, during which occurred the incident of the Temple Tax; then journeyed to the Feast of Tabernacles, during which occurred the incidents so fully narrated by St John (Joh 7:1 to Joh 10:21). The events and teachings in this great section of St Luke seem to belong mainly, if not entirely, to the two months between the hasty return of Jesus to Galilee and His arrival in Jerusalem, two months afterwards, at the Feast of Dedication; a period respecting which St Luke must have had access to special sources of information.

For fuller discussion of the question I must refer to my Life of Christ, ii. 89-150.

Consult other comments:

Luke 14:1 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Luke 14:1 - The Greek Testament

Luke 14:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

Luke 14:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Luke 14:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 14:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Luke 14:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Luke 14:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luke 14:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 14:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Luke 14:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Luke 14:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Luke 14:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Luke 14:1 - James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary

Luke 14:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 14:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Luke 14:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 14:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Luke 14:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Luke 14:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Luke 14:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Luke 14:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 14:1 - Discovering Christ In Selected Books of the Bible

Luke 14:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Luke 14:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Luke 14:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

Luke 14:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Luke 14:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Luke 14:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 14:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 14:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

Luke 14:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 14:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Luke 14:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 14:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Luke 14:1 - Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 14:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

Luke 14:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 14:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Luke 14:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Luke 14:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Luke 14:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Luke 14:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

Luke 14:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

Luke 14:1 - Expositions Of Holy Scripture by Alexander MacLaren

Luke 14:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

Luke 14:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Luke 14:1 - Church Pulpit Commentary

Luke 14:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Luke 14:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 14:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Luke 14:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Luke 14:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 14:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Luke 14:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Luke 14:1 - The Bible of the Expositor and the Evangelist by Riley

Luke 14:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Luke 14:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

Luke 14:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 14:1 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Luke 14:1 - The Sermon Bible

Luke 14:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

Luke 14:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 14:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 14:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 14:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Luke 14:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

Luke 14:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 14:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

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