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Luke 13:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luk 13:1-9. Accidents and Judgments. The Barren Fig-Tree.

1. There were present at that season ] Rather, There arrived at that very season. The curious phrase seems to imply that they had come on purpose to announce this catastrophe. Hence some have supposed that they wished to kindle in the mind of Jesus as a Galilaean (Luk 23:5) a spirit of Messianic retribution (Jos. Antt. Luk 17:9, § 3). But Christ’s answer rather proves that they were connecting the sad death of these Galilaeans with their imaginary crimes. They were not calling His attention to them as martyrs, but as supposed victims of divine anger. Their report indicates a sort of pleasure in recounting the misfortunes of others ( ἐπιχαιρεκακία ).

of the Galileans ] who regularly attended the Jewish feasts at Jerusalem, Joh 4:45.

whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices ] Probably at some Passover outbreak, on which the Roman soldiers had hurried down from Fort Antonia. This incident, which was peculiarly horrible to Jewish imaginations, often occurred during the turbulent administration of Pilate and the Romans; see on Luk 23:1; Act 21:34. At one Passover, “during the sacrifices,” 3000 Jews had been massacred “like victims,” and “the Temple courts filled with dead bodies” (Jos. Antt. xvii. 9, § 3); and at another Passover, no less than 20000 (id. xx . 5, § 3; see also B. J. 11. 5, v. 1). Early in his administration Pilate had sent disguised soldiers with daggers among the crowd (id. Luk 18:3, § 1; B. J. 11. 9, § 4). The special incidents here alluded to were far too common to be specially recorded by Josephus; but in the fact that the victims in this instance were Galilaeans, we may perhaps see a reason for the “enmity” between Pilate and Herod Antipas (Luk 23:12).

Luk 9:51 to Luk 18:31 . Rejected by the Samaritans. A lesson of Tolerance.

This section forms a great episode in St Luke, which may be called the departure for the final conflict, and is identical with the journey (probably to the Feast of the Dedication, Joh 10:22) which is partially Luk 9:51-56. And it came to pass, when the time was come that he touched upon in Mat 18:1 to Mat 20:16 and Mar 10:1-31. It contains many incidents recorded by this Evangelist alone, and though the recorded identifications of time and place are vague, yet they all point (Luk 9:51, Luk 13:22, Luk 17:11, Luk 10:38) to a slow, solemn, and public progress from Galilee to Jerusalem, of which the events themselves are often grouped by subjective considerations. So little certain is the order of the separate incidents, that one writer (Rev. W. Stewart) has made an ingenious attempt to shew that it is determined by the alphabetic arrangement of the leading Greek verbs ( ἀγαπᾶν , Luk 10:25-42; αἰτεῖν , Luk 11:1-5; Luk 11:8-13, &c.). Canon Westcott arranges the order thus: The Rejection of the Jews foreshewn; preparation, Luk 9:43 toLuk 11:13; Lessons of Warning, Luk 11:14 toLuk 13:9; Lessons of Progress, Luk 13:10 toLuk 14:24; Lessons of Discipleship, Luk 14:25 xvii. 10; the Coming End, Luk 17:10 toLuk 18:30.

The order of events after ‘the Galilaean spring’ of our Lord’s ministry on the plain of Gennesareth seems to have been this: After the period of flight among the heathen or in countries which were only semi-Jewish, of which almost the sole recorded incident is the healing of the daughter of the Syrophoenician woman (Mat 15:21-28 ). He returned to Peraea and fed the four thousand. He then sailed back to Gennesareth, but left it in deep sorrow on being met by the Pharisees with insolent demands for a sign from heaven. Turning His back once more on Galilee, He again travelled northwards; healed a blind man at Bethsaida Julias; received St Peter’s great confession on the way to Caesarea Philippi; was transfigured; healed the demoniac boy; rebuked the ambition of the disciples by the example of the little child; returned for a brief rest in Capernaum, during which occurred the incident of the Temple Tax; then journeyed to the Feast of Tabernacles, during which occurred the incidents so fully narrated by St John (Joh 7:1 to Joh 10:21). The events and teachings in this great section of St Luke seem to belong mainly, if not entirely, to the two months between the hasty return of Jesus to Galilee and His arrival in Jerusalem, two months afterwards, at the Feast of Dedication; a period respecting which St Luke must have had access to special sources of information.

For fuller discussion of the question I must refer to my Life of Christ, ii. 89-150.

Consult other comments:

Luke 13:1 - Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Luke 13:1 - The Greek Testament

Luke 13:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

Luke 13:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Luke 13:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 13:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Luke 13:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luke 13:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Luke 13:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 13:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Luke 13:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Luke 13:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Luke 13:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Luke 13:1 - James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary

Luke 13:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 13:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Luke 13:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 13:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Luke 13:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Luke 13:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Luke 13:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Luke 13:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 13:1 - Discovering Christ In Selected Books of the Bible

Luke 13:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Luke 13:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Luke 13:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

Luke 13:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Luke 13:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Luke 13:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 13:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 13:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

Luke 13:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 13:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Luke 13:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 13:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Luke 13:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

Luke 13:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 13:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Luke 13:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Luke 13:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Luke 13:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Luke 13:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Luke 13:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

Luke 13:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

Luke 13:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

Luke 13:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Luke 13:1 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

Luke 13:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Luke 13:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 13:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Luke 13:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Luke 13:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 13:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Luke 13:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Luke 13:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Luke 13:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

Luke 13:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 13:1 - The Sermon Bible

Luke 13:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

Luke 13:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 13:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 13:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 13:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Luke 13:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 13:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

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