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Luke 10:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luk 10:1-24. The Mission of the Seventy.

1. After these things ] i.e. after finally leaving Galilee, and starting on His great Peraean progress.

other seventy also ] Rather, also others (besides the Twelve) seventy in number. Some MSS. read seventy-two (B, D, M, &c.). The number had evident reference to the Elders of Moses (Num 11:16), where there is the same variation; the Sanhedrin; and the Jewish belief (derived from Genesis 10) as to the number of the nations of the world. The references to Elim with its 12 wells and 70 palm-trees are mere plays of allegoric fancy.

two and two ] The same merciful provision that we see in the brother- pairs of the Twelve.

into every city, &c.] Clearly with the same object as in Luk 9:52. It may have been all the more necessary because hitherto He had worked less in the Transjordanic regions.

Luk 9:51 to Luk 18:31 . Rejected by the Samaritans. A lesson of Tolerance.

This section forms a great episode in St Luke, which may be called the departure for the final conflict, and is identical with the journey (probably to the Feast of the Dedication, Joh 10:22) which is partially Luk 9:51-56. And it came to pass, when the time was come that he touched upon in Mat 18:1 to Mat 20:16 and Mar 10:1-31. It contains many incidents recorded by this Evangelist alone, and though the recorded identifications of time and place are vague, yet they all point (Luk 9:51, Luk 13:22, Luk 17:11, Luk 10:38) to a slow, solemn, and public progress from Galilee to Jerusalem, of which the events themselves are often grouped by subjective considerations. So little certain is the order of the separate incidents, that one writer (Rev. W. Stewart) has made an ingenious attempt to shew that it is determined by the alphabetic arrangement of the leading Greek verbs ( ἀγαπᾶν , Luk 10:25-42; αἰτεῖν , Luk 11:1-5; Luk 11:8-13, &c.). Canon Westcott arranges the order thus: The Rejection of the Jews foreshewn; preparation, Luk 9:43 toLuk 11:13; Lessons of Warning, Luk 11:14 toLuk 13:9; Lessons of Progress, Luk 13:10 toLuk 14:24; Lessons of Discipleship, Luk 14:25 xvii. 10; the Coming End, Luk 17:10 toLuk 18:30.

The order of events after ‘the Galilaean spring’ of our Lord’s ministry on the plain of Gennesareth seems to have been this: After the period of flight among the heathen or in countries which were only semi-Jewish, of which almost the sole recorded incident is the healing of the daughter of the Syrophoenician woman (Mat 15:21-28 ). He returned to Peraea and fed the four thousand. He then sailed back to Gennesareth, but left it in deep sorrow on being met by the Pharisees with insolent demands for a sign from heaven. Turning His back once more on Galilee, He again travelled northwards; healed a blind man at Bethsaida Julias; received St Peter’s great confession on the way to Caesarea Philippi; was transfigured; healed the demoniac boy; rebuked the ambition of the disciples by the example of the little child; returned for a brief rest in Capernaum, during which occurred the incident of the Temple Tax; then journeyed to the Feast of Tabernacles, during which occurred the incidents so fully narrated by St John (Joh 7:1 to Joh 10:21). The events and teachings in this great section of St Luke seem to belong mainly, if not entirely, to the two months between the hasty return of Jesus to Galilee and His arrival in Jerusalem, two months afterwards, at the Feast of Dedication; a period respecting which St Luke must have had access to special sources of information.

For fuller discussion of the question I must refer to my Life of Christ, ii. 89-150.

Consult other comments:

Luke 10:1 - The Greek Testament

Luke 10:1 - Barclay Daily Study Bible

Luke 10:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Luke 10:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 10:1 - Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Luke 10:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Luke 10:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Luke 10:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Luke 10:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 10:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Luke 10:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Luke 10:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Luke 10:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Luke 10:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 10:1 - John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Luke 10:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 10:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Luke 10:1 - The Expositor’s Greek Testament by Robertson

Luke 10:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Luke 10:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Luke 10:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Luke 10:1 - Discovering Christ In Selected Books of the Bible

Luke 10:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Luke 10:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Luke 10:1 - McGarvey and Pendleton Commentaries (New Testament)

Luke 10:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Luke 10:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Luke 10:1 - Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 10:1 - William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 10:1 - Godet Commentary (Luke, John, Romans and 1 Corinthians)

Luke 10:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 10:1 - Henry Alford's Greek Testament

Luke 10:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 10:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Luke 10:1 - International Critical Commentary New Testament

Luke 10:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 10:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Luke 10:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Luke 10:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Luke 10:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Luke 10:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Luke 10:1 - Cornelius Lapide Commentary

Luke 10:1 - Lightfoot Commentary Gospels

Luke 10:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

Luke 10:1 - Expositions Of Holy Scripture by Alexander MacLaren

Luke 10:1 - Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer's New Testament Commentary

Luke 10:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Luke 10:1 - Church Pulpit Commentary

Luke 10:1 - Grant's Numerical Bible Notes and Commentary

Luke 10:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Luke 10:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Luke 10:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Luke 10:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Luke 10:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Luke 10:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Luke 10:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Luke 10:1 - Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Luke 10:1 - Ryle's Expository Thoughts on the Gospels

Luke 10:1 - A Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 10:1 - The Sermon Bible

Luke 10:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

Luke 10:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 10:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Luke 10:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 10:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Luke 10:1 - Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament

Luke 10:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Luke 10:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

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