Zechariah 14:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
1. the day of the Lord cometh ] Lit. a day to (or, of) Jehovah, i.e. which is in a special manner His. The previous prophecy (Zec 13:7-9) is now expanded, attention being concentrated, however, on the city rather than on the land (Zec 13:8), and on the final act rather than on the long previous process of purifying discipline. It is impossible satisfactorily to adapt the terms of this prophecy, either to the taking of Jerusalem under the Maccabees, or to its destruction by the Romans. As Pusey well remarks, “those who explain it solely of this, are obliged to mingle explanations partly literal, as that Jerusalem should be the earthly Jerusalem which was destroyed, partly metaphorical, as to the mount of Olives, its division into two parts, &c.” It should moreover be observed that there is no word here of the city being destroyed.
in the midst of thee ] So complete shall be the subjugation of the city, that the enemy shall, in perfect security, portion out her spoil amongst the victorious hosts in the very midst of her.
Chap. Zec 14:1-7. The final Conflict and Deliverance
All nations shall come against Jerusalem. The city shall be taken, with the attendant horrors of barbarous warfare, and half its population enslaved, Zec 14:1-2. Then Jehovah shall appear, as in olden time, to deliver His people, Zec 14:3. Beneath His feet, as He descends upon the Mount of Olives, the mountain shall cleave asunder, the two parts moving northward and southward, and being separated by a wide valley running east and west, Zec 14:4. By this valley (which shall reach across the ravine of Kedron up to the city wall) the people that remain shall flee from Jerusalem, as they fled from the earthquake in Uzziah’s time. Jehovah shall come with all His holy ones, Zec 14:5, and this “day of the Lord,” unlike all other days and known to Him alone, shall be marked by strange phenomena of mingled light and darkness, and shall have for its evening the dawn of the everlasting day, Zec 14:6-7.
The purification and final glory of Israel
This Second Section of the Second Burden and conclusion of the whole Book describes the purifying chastisement that shall come upon the people, Zec 13:7-9; the great final conflict and deliverance of Jerusalem, Zec 14:1-7; the prosperity of the transformed and renovated city and land, Jehovah being King, 8 11; the destruction of the hostile nations, 12 15, and homage of the residue, 16 19; and the perfect holiness of Jerusalem, as the crown of all, 20, 21.
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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges is a biblical commentary set published in parts by Cambridge University Press from 1882 onwards. Anglican bishop John Perowne was the general editor. The first section published was written by theologian Thomas Kelly Cheyne and covered the Book of Micah.
Perowne exercised limited editorial control over the writers of individual commentaries: his aim was "to leave each contributor to the unfettered exercise of his own judgment".