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Verses of Daniel 12

1

Daniel 12:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

1. Michael … the great prince ] i.e. the patron-angel of Israel (Dan 10:13; Dan 10:21).

stand up ] as champion and defender (Dan 11:1; cf. Dan 10:13). Hitherto the power of the ‘prince’ of Greece has been unchecked: now Michael interposes, for his people’s final deliverance.

standeth for ] i.e. protects (Est 8:11; Est 9:16).

a time of trouble ] The expression seems borrowed from Jer 30:7 (where also Israel is spoken of as ‘saved from it’).

such as never was since, &c.] cf. Exo 9:18; Exo 9:24, Joe 2:2, Mar 13:19 (|| Mat 24:21).

shall be delivered ] The period of deliverance here spoken of is the same as the period of redemption described in Dan 7:18; Dan 7:26-27, Dan 9:24.

written in the book ] viz. of life, the register of the living: in Psa 69:28 (cf. Psa 87:6, Exo 32:32) applied to the register of living members of the Theocratic community, which God is represented as keeping. Here, however, the expression is used, not of those living in the present life, but of those destined to share in the glorious life of the end; it is the register of the citizens of the Messianic kingdom’ (Hitz.), including both those who enter it while yet living, and those ( Dan 12:2) who enter it after their resurrection. Cf. Isa 4:3, where those who are worthy to survive the approaching judgement are described as ‘written down unto life [i.e. a glorified, but still earthly life] in Jerusalem.’ The same figure occurs in Enoch xlvii. 3 (‘the books of the living were opened before Him’), cviii. 3 (the names of the wicked ‘will be blotted out of the book of life, and out of the books of the holy ones’); and, applied in a Christian sense, in Php 4:3, Rev 3:5; Rev 13:8; Rev 17:8; Rev 20:12; Rev 20:15; Rev 21:27; cf. Luk 10:20, Heb 12:23, Enoch civ. 1 (‘your names are written before the glory of the Great One’).

Dan 12:1-3. There should be no break here: Dan 12:1-4 forms the concluding part of the angel’s revelation to Daniel; and what is described in Dan 12:1-3 forms the immediate sequel of the fall of Antiochus. The overthrow of the world-power is pictured by the author as accompanied by a season of trial perhaps political convulsions out of which, however, the faithful among God’s people are delivered; a resurrection of Israelites follows; and the age of bliss then begins for the righteous.

( 2) Dan 11:2 to Dan 12:4. The revelation given to Daniel.

This consists of a survey of the history from the beginning of the Persian period down to the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, followed by a description of the Messianic age, to begin afterwards. The description is brief and general in its earlier part, more detailed in the later parts. The angel first refers briefly to the doings of four Persian kings ( Dan 11:2), and of Alexander the Great ( Dan 11:3), with the division of his empire after his death ( Dan 11:4); then narrates more fully the leagues and conflicts between the kings of Antioch (‘the kings of the north’), and of Egypt (‘the kings of the south’), in the centuries following ( Dan 11:5-20); and finally, most fully of all, describes the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes ( Dan 11:21-45), including his conflicts with Egypt, and the persecution of the Jews ( Dan 11:30 b39). The death of Antiochus is followed by a resurrection (of Israelites), and the advent of the Messianic age (Dan 12:1-3). The revelation is intended to shew that the course of history is in God’s hands, and that though it may bring with it a period of trial for His people, this will be followed, at the appointed time, by its deliverance. It is thus designed particularly for the encouragement of those living in the season of trial, i.e. under the persecution of Antiochus; it is accordingly to be ‘sealed up’ by Daniel until then (Dan 12:4).

As is usual in apocalyptic literature (Enoch, Baruch, 2 Esdras, &c.), no names are mentioned; the characters and events referred to being described in veiled language, which sometimes leaves the interpretation uncertain. The Commentary of Jerome is important in this chapter, on account of its preserving notices from writers no longer extant.

Verses of Daniel 12

1

Consult other comments:

Daniel 12:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Daniel 12:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Daniel 12:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Daniel 12:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Daniel 12:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Daniel 12:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Daniel 12:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Daniel 12:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Daniel 12:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Daniel 12:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Daniel 12:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Daniel 12:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

Daniel 12:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Daniel 12:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Daniel 12:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Daniel 12:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Daniel 12:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Daniel 12:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Daniel 12:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Daniel 12:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Daniel 12:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Daniel 12:1 - Smith's Writings on 24 Books of the Bible

Daniel 12:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Daniel 12:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Daniel 12:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Daniel 12:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Daniel 12:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Daniel 12:1 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Daniel 12:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Daniel 12:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Daniel 12:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Daniel 12:1 - Neighbour's Wells of Living Water

Daniel 12:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Daniel 12:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Daniel 12:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Daniel 12:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Daniel 12:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Daniel 12:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Daniel 12:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Daniel 12:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Daniel 12:1 - The Bible of the Expositor and the Evangelist by Riley

Daniel 12:1 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Daniel 12:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Daniel 12:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Daniel 12:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Daniel 12:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Daniel 12:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Daniel 12:1 - Combined Bible Commentary

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges