Ezekiel 20:45 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
The passage Eze 20:45-49 belongs to ch. 21 (as in Heb.). The time to which the chapter is to be assigned is the early period of Nebuchadnezzar’s movements westwards. The prophet foresees the coming desolation of Israel by the conqueror, which he expresses under the figure of a devouring fire, consuming all indiscriminately. The passage has two divisions, ch. Eze 20:45 to Eze 21:27, and Eze 21:28-32.
(1) Eze 20:45-49. A conflagration shall be lighted in the forest of the south, which shall consume all, the green tree and the dry.
(2) Eze 21:1-5. Explanation: the sword of the Lord shall be on Jerusalem and her sanctuaries, and on the land of Israel. Righteous and wicked shall perish; and men shall know that the Lord hath drawn his sword.
(3) Eze 20:6-7. Agitation of the prophet at the thought of the coming desolation: so shall all men be agitated and confounded.
(4) Eze 20:8-17. Song of the sword the sword of the Lord whetted and furbished against Jerusalem.
(5) Eze 20:18-27. He who is the sword or wields it, the king of Babylon. The prophet returning to the point from which he started represents the king of Babylon hesitating whether to march against Ammon or Jerusalem. He consults the oracle and the lot comes out “Jerusalem.”
Eze 20:45-49. Figure of a forest in which a great conflagration is kindled. The fire is unquenchable ( Eze 20:47-48), it devours all alike, the green tree and the dry ( Eze 20:47); all faces from north to south shall be scorched by it ( Eze 20:47); and all flesh shall see that it is the hand of the Lord which has kindled so great a flame ( Eze 20:48).
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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges is a biblical commentary set published in parts by Cambridge University Press from 1882 onwards. Anglican bishop John Perowne was the general editor. The first section published was written by theologian Thomas Kelly Cheyne and covered the Book of Micah.
Perowne exercised limited editorial control over the writers of individual commentaries: his aim was "to leave each contributor to the unfettered exercise of his own judgment".