Jeremiah 40:7 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
7. all the captains of the forces ] the various leaders of bands among the Jews, who would keep out of the way during the presence of the Babylonian forces and until they found what was likely to be the condition of the country and the nature of the new government.
7 9. Abbreviated from 2Ki 25:23 f.
6. Mizpah ] on a hill ( Neby Samwil) 4½ miles N.W. of Jerusalem.
Schmidt ( Enc. Bibl. 238 b), on grounds which, when examined, appear quite insufficient, rejects this and the following section (Jer 40:7 to Jer 41:18). Even Du. on the other hand accepts it as in the main an extract from Baruch’s memoirs, adding that it forms one of the most remarkable and interesting accounts in the O.T. Difficulties in the narrative as it stands will be mentioned in the notes. The section may be summarized as follows. (i) Jer 40:7-12. On Gedaliah’s being made governor of those left in the land, Ishmael and other captains came to him and received an assurance that, if they were loyal to Babylon, they should receive protection. He exhorts them to occupy themselves in gathering the produce of the land. The same is thereupon done by many Jews who now return from taking refuge in neighbouring countries. (ii) Jer 40:13-16. Johanan warns Gedaliah that Baalis, king of Ammon, had instigated Ishmael to kill him, and asks permission to slay the latter. Gedaliah refuses to believe the charge. (iii) Jer 41:1-3. Ishmael, accompanied by ten men, goes to Mizpah, and after being entertained by Gedaliah, murders him and all Jews and Chaldaeans who were with him.
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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges is a biblical commentary set published in parts by Cambridge University Press from 1882 onwards. Anglican bishop John Perowne was the general editor. The first section published was written by theologian Thomas Kelly Cheyne and covered the Book of Micah.
Perowne exercised limited editorial control over the writers of individual commentaries: his aim was "to leave each contributor to the unfettered exercise of his own judgment".