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Verses of Isaiah 50

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Isaiah 50:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Isa 50:1-3. The third oracle meets another doubt which must have occurred to the exiles, viz., that the covenant relation between Jehovah and Israel has been broken beyond possibility of renewal. In Isa 50:1 this fear is dispelled by the help of two analogies from common life.

Where is the bill … whom I have put away?] (better, as R.V., wherewith I have put her away). No such document exists. Although Jehovah has had good reason to adopt this extreme measure (Jer 3:8), He has not done it, but has left the way open for a reconciliation. The effect of the “bill of divorcement” was to make the separation absolute and final; the woman was free to marry another, but could not after that be received back by her former husband (Deu 24:1-4). (A specimen of the form of words used by later Jews is given in Dalman’s Aramäische Dialektproben, p. 5.) In Mohammedan law a man may divorce his wife twice and take her back without any ceremony, but a third divorce (or a triple divorce conveyed in one sentence) is final, unless the woman have contracted a fresh marriage in the interval and been released from it either by divorce or the death of the husband ( Koran, Sura 2:229 f.; see Lane, Modern Egyptians, chap. 3). Both the Mosaic and the Mohammedan laws accord to a husband the unrestricted right of divorce, and for this reason the Jewish custom was pronounced by our Lord to be inconsistent with the true idea of marriage and a concession to the weakness of human nature (Mat 19:3 ff.; Mar 10:2 ff.).

which of my creditors is it &c.] i.e. “what creditor of mine is there to whom” &c.? The selling of children into slavery in payment of a debt is another practice tolerated, though hardly approved, by the Law (Exo 21:7; cf. 2Ki 4:1; Neh 5:5). Since it is inconceivable that Jehovah should have a creditor, so it is impossible that He should have surrendered His rights over His own children.

Behold, for your iniquities &c. ] This is the true explanation of the slavery of the children and the divorce of the mother, and this cause is removed by the offer of forgiveness (Isa 40:2). It is remarkable that the prophet does not, like Hosea and Ezekiel, directly attribute sin to the ideal mother of the nation, but only to the individual Israelites, to whom this whole expostulation is addressed (cf. Hos 2:2).

For have you sold yourselves render with R.V. were ye sold (so again ch. Isa 52:3). The phrase is frequently used in the Book of Judges of the delivering of Israel into the power of its enemies (Jdg 2:14 &c.).

Ch. Isa 49:14 to Isa 50:3. The Consolation of Zion

(i) Isa 49:14-21. In an apostrophe to Jerusalem the prophet announces the speedy return of her population and the rebuilding of her waste places. The poetry of the passage is singularly beautiful, and charged with tender emotion. Zion, the idealised city, is the wife of Jehovah, and the mother of her inhabitants. Although she now thinks of herself as rejected and barren ( Isa 49:14), she is assured of the unchanging love of her God ( Isa 49:15-16) which will soon be manifested in her restoration to the joy of motherhood (17 20). The ecstasy of amazement and delight with which she recognises and welcomes her children ( Isa 49:21) is finely opposed to the opening picture of her desolation and despondency. Note also the contrast between the whole conception and the fate of the “virgin daughter of Babylon” (Isa 47:8-9).

(ii) Ch. Isa 49:22 to Isa 50:3. Three oracles, confirming the promise to Zion.

(1) Isa 49:22-23. On a signal from Jehovah the nations shall bring home the scattered children of Zion; nay, their kings and queens shall esteem it an honour to foster the newly-formed community.

(2) Isa 49:24-26. No earthly power can interpose between Jehovah and the deliverance of His people; Israel is His lawful prey, and none shall pluck them from Him (see the notes below). In thus representing the deliverance as effected by force, the prophet no doubt has in view the one nation that would not obey the signal of Isa 49:22.

(3) Isa 50:1-3. Lastly, there exists no legal impediment to the redemption of Israel; Jehovah has issued no sentence of formal rejection against His people, nor has anyone acquired the rights of a creditor over them ( Isa 49:1). He therefore expresses surprise that there is so little response to the promise of salvation, so little faith in His almighty power.

Verses of Isaiah 50

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Consult other comments:

Isaiah 50:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Isaiah 50:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Isaiah 50:1 - Calvin's Complete Commentary

Isaiah 50:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Isaiah 50:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Isaiah 50:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Isaiah 50:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Isaiah 50:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Isaiah 50:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Isaiah 50:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Isaiah 50:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Isaiah 50:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Isaiah 50:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Isaiah 50:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Isaiah 50:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Isaiah 50:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Isaiah 50:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Isaiah 50:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Isaiah 50:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Isaiah 50:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Isaiah 50:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Isaiah 50:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Isaiah 50:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Isaiah 50:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Isaiah 50:1 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Isaiah 50:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Isaiah 50:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Isaiah 50:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Isaiah 50:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Isaiah 50:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Isaiah 50:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Isaiah 50:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Isaiah 50:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Isaiah 50:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Isaiah 50:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Isaiah 50:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Isaiah 50:1 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Isaiah 50:1 - The Sermon Bible

Isaiah 50:1 - Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible

Isaiah 50:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Isaiah 50:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Isaiah 50:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 50:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

Isaiah 50:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges