Psalms 97 Summary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
Once more the Psalmist celebrates Jehovah’s recent manifestation of His sovereignty. In Psalms 96 the universality of His kingdom, here the judgement by which it has been manifested, is the prominent thought.
i. Earth is bidden to rejoice at the establishment of Jehovah’s kingdom. The awfulness of His Advent, the moral foundation of His rule, and the irresistibleness of His might are described (Psa 97:1-3).
ii. But lately the earth has trembled at His Presence; His righteousness and His majesty have been openly proclaimed (Psa 97:4-6).
iii. The idol-worshippers and their pretended gods are put to shame, while Zion rejoices in His triumph (Psa 97:7-9).
iv. Let Israel respond to His call by dutiful obedience and glad thanksgiving (Psa 97:10-12).
Thus the Psalm consists, like Psalms 96, of four equal stanzas. The first two describe the coming of Jehovah to judgement, in symbolic language borrowed from descriptions of the great Theophanies of old; the last two describe its consequences for Israel and for the nations.
The author of this Psalm was not an original poet, but he was a masterly hymn-writer. There is scarcely a phrase in the Psalm which is not borrowed; but he combines the language of earlier Psalmists and Prophets into a “costly mosaic” with a skill which is worthy of the occasion. He makes us feel that he has been deeply moved, and inspired to recognise the greatness of the crisis.
In the LXX the Psalm is entitled ( A Psalm) of David, when his land was restored  . The latter part of this title rightly points to the Restoration from Babylon as the occasion of the Psalm.
 For καθίσταται , Vulg. restituta est, cf. Isa 49:8, τοῦ καταστῆσαι τὴν γῆν
Consult other comments:
The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges is a biblical commentary set published in parts by Cambridge University Press from 1882 onwards. Anglican bishop John Perowne was the general editor. The first section published was written by theologian Thomas Kelly Cheyne and covered the Book of Micah.
Perowne exercised limited editorial control over the writers of individual commentaries: his aim was "to leave each contributor to the unfettered exercise of his own judgment".