Psalms 5 Summary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
Another morning prayer, uttered by one who is exposed to danger from the machinations of unscrupulous and hypocritical enemies. The title assigns it to David, and he might have written thus when he was in the court of Saul, or shortly before the outbreak of Absalom’s rebellion.
It has been urged that Psa 5:7 assumes the existence of the Temple, and is therefore decisive against the Davidic authorship. This however is not certain. The term “house of the Lord” presents no difficulty. It is used of the Tabernacle (Exo 23:19; Exo 34:26; Deu 23:18; Jos 6:24; 1Sa 1:24; 1Sa 3:15), and also of the tent which David pitched for the ark on Mount Zion (2Sa 12:20). But could this ark-tent be called a temple? The Heb. word hêycâl denotes a spacious building, whether temple or palace (Psa 45:8; Psa 45:15), and would not be a strictly appropriate designation for it. It is however applied to the sanctuary at Shiloh (1Sa 1:9; 1Sa 3:3), and may have remained in use, and been applied to the ark-tent in David’s time. It should at any rate be noticed that in Psa 27:4; Psa 27:6, ‘house of the Lord,’ ‘temple,’ and ‘tent’ (A.V. tabernacle) are all used in close juxtaposition.
The Psalm opens with an urgent cry for a favourable hearing (Psa 5:1-3). Jehovah will not tolerate the wicked (Psa 5:4-6); but the Psalmist, through His lovingkindness, is admitted to His presence. He prays that he may be preserved from falling into the snares of his insidious foes (Psa 5:7-9); and that their just condemnation and punishment may exhibit a proof of God’s righteous government which will cheer the hearts of His servants (Psa 5:10-12).
The title may be rendered with R.V., For the Chief Musician; with the Nehiloth, or, (marg.) wind instruments. See Introd. pp. xxi, xxiv.
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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges is a biblical commentary set published in parts by Cambridge University Press from 1882 onwards. Anglican bishop John Perowne was the general editor. The first section published was written by theologian Thomas Kelly Cheyne and covered the Book of Micah.
Perowne exercised limited editorial control over the writers of individual commentaries: his aim was "to leave each contributor to the unfettered exercise of his own judgment".