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Verses of Psalms 47

Psalms 47 Summary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

This Psalm is an expansion of the thought of Psa 46:10. Zion’s King is the true ‘great King’ (Psa 48:2), the King of all the earth. All nations are summoned to pay homage to the God who has proclaimed and proved His supremacy by His recent triumph over the heathen. The occasion of the Psalm was probably the same as that of Psalms 46, 48, though the allusions to the circumstances are less definite, and the resemblances to the prophecies of Isaiah are less marked than in those Psalms. But it celebrates a recent victory, after which God, who had ‘come down’ to fight for His people (Isa 31:4), had ‘ascended up’ in triumph to heaven ( Psa 47:5). The discomfiture of Sennacherib was precisely such a triumph; a lesson, as Isaiah repeatedly implies, to the nations not less than to Judah, of Jehovah’s supreme sovereignty.

The similarity of the Psalm to Psalms 93, 96-99, has led many commentators to connect it with the Return from Exile. There seems however to be scarcely sufficient reason for separating it from the Psalms between which it stands, and with both of which it has links of connexion.

It is rightly regarded as a Messianic Psalm, inasmuch as it looks forward to the submission of all the nations of the world to Jehovah as their King; and it has naturally, on account of Psa 47:5, been used from ancient times as a special Psalm for Ascension Day. Not that Psa 47:5 is a prophecy of the Ascension; the context makes it plain that it cannot be so regarded. But the words originally spoken of Jehovah’s return to His throne in heaven (as we speak) after His triumph over the deadly enemies of His people, may be legitimately applied to the return of Christ to heaven after His triumph over sin and death, to take His seat upon His throne of glory at the right hand of God.

It is the New Year’s Day Psalm of the Synagogue, recited seven times previous to the blowing of the Trumpets, which marked that festival (Num 29:1).

The Psalm consists of three stanzas:

i. An universal summons to praise Jehovah, the King of all the earth, who has chosen Israel to be His people (Psa 47:1-4).

ii. A repeated summons to sing His praises, in view of the recent manifestation of His sovereignty (Psa 47:5-7).

iii. The ultimate realisation of that sovereignty in the homage of the princes of the nations (Psa 47:8-9).

Verses of Psalms 47

Consult other comments:

Psalms 47:0 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Psalms 47:0 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Psalms 47:0 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Psalms 47:0 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Psalms 47:0 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Psalms 47:0 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Psalms 47:0 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Psalms 47:0 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Psalms 47:0 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Psalms 47:0 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges