Verses of Psalms 23

Psalms 23 Summary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

The grateful praise of Jehovah (i) as the Good Shepherd who tends ( Psa 23:1-2), and guides ( Psa 23:3-4) the Psalmist, providing for every want, and protecting him in every danger: (ii) as the bountiful host ( Psa 23:5-6), who entertains the Psalmist as his guest with gracious liberality.

The Psalm is unrivalled for calm serenity and perfect faith. Under Jehovah’s loving care the Psalmist knows neither want nor fear. His words admit of the most universal application to all needs, temporal and spiritual, in every age. Their meaning grows in depth as the love of God is more fully revealed through the teaching of the Spirit in the experience of life (Eph 3:17-19; Rom 8:35 ff.).

The Targum explains the Psalm of God’s care for the nation of Israel. This however, though justifiable as a secondary application, can hardly be the original meaning. Its tone is strongly personal. It is an individual realisation and appropriation of the blessings involved in the covenant-relation of Jehovah to His people. Each sheep can claim the care which is promised to the whole flock (Luk 15:4 ff.).

Was David the author? Many have thought that Psa 23:1-4 are based on the recollections of his early shepherd life; and that Psa 23:5 reflects his entertainment by Barzillai (2Sa 17:27-29). Nor is Psa 23:6 decisive against the Davidic authorship. The language is figurative, and the phrase ‘house of the Lord’ does not necessarily imply the existence of the temple (Exo 23:19; Jdg 18:31; 1Sa 1:7), though it must be admitted that it seems to point to it.

The kindred Psalms 27 should be carefully compared.

Verses of Psalms 23

Consult other comments:

Psalms 23:0 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Psalms 23:0 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Psalms 23:0 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Psalms 23:0 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Psalms 23:0 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Psalms 23:0 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Psalms 23:0 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Psalms 23:0 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Psalms 23:0 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Psalms 23:0 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges