Verses of Psalms 113

Psalms 113 Summary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Psalms 113-118 form the Hallel, or Hymn of Praise, which according to Jewish liturgical usage is sung at the three great Festivals of Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles, at the Festival of the Dedication, and at the New Moons (with the exception of the New Year). At the domestic celebration of the Passover, Psalms 113, 114 are sung before the meal, Psalms 115-118 after it, when the fourth cup has been filled. It was probably the hymn sung by our Lord and His disciples before they left the upper chamber (Mat 26:30; Mar 14:26). This group of Psalms is also called the Egyptian Hallel (Psa 114:1).

The term Great Hallel is also used, but ancient Jewish authorities were not agreed as to its meaning. According to one view it denoted Psalms 136; according to another, Psalms 120-136; according to a third, Psalms 135, 136. (Levy-Fleischer, Neuhebr. Wörterbuch, i. 473 a.)

The choice of three Psalms from the Hallel (113, 114, 118) as the Proper Psalms for Evensong on Easter Day marks the connexion of the Christian Festival with the Jewish Festival which it succeeded.

This Psalm evidently belongs to the post-exilic period, and expresses the gratitude of Israel for its restoration from the Captivity. It is “a connecting link between the Song of Hannah and the Magnificat of the Virgin” (Bp Perowne).

It is a call to praise Jehovah, Who, though enthroned in majesty in heaven, condescends to care for the weak and lowly on the earth. It consists of three equal stanzas.

i. A call to the universal and unceasing praise of Jehovah (Psa 113:1-3).

ii. His exaltation and condescension (Psa 113:4-6).

iii. Instances of His condescension (Psa 113:7-9).

Verses of Psalms 113

Consult other comments:

Psalms 113:0 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Psalms 113:0 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Psalms 113:0 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Psalms 113:0 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Psalms 113:0 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Psalms 113:0 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Psalms 113:0 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Psalms 113:0 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Psalms 113:0 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges