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Job 39:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

1. canst thou mark ] Rather, dost thou. The goats of the rock are the mountain goats, a species of chamois.

Ch. Job 39:1-4. The goats of the rock and the hinds.

Ch. Job 38:39 Ch. Job 39:30. The manifoldness of the Divine Mind as displayed in the world of animal life

The instances chosen are the lion and the raven ( Job 38:39-41); the wild goats and the hinds (ch. Job 39:1-4); the wild ass ( Job 38:5-8; the wild ox ( Job 38:9-12); the ostrich ( Job 38:13-18); the war horse ( Job 38:19-25); the hawk and the eagle ( Job 38:26-30).

These brilliant pictures from the animal world have the same purpose as those given before ( Job 38:4-38) from inanimate nature; they make God to pass before the eye of Job. They exhibit the diversity of the animal creation, the strange dissimilarity of instinct and habit in creatures outwardly similar, the singular blending together of contradictory characteristics in the same creature, and the astonishing attributes and powers with which some of them are endowed; and all combines to illustrate the resources of mind and breadth of thought of Him who formed them and cares for them, the manifold play of an immeasurable intelligence and power in the world.

Yet though each of these pictures utters the name of God with an increasing emphasis, and though the Poet presents them in the first instance that we may hear this name from them, it is evident that his own eye follows each of the creatures which he describes with a delighted wonder and love. The Poet felt like a later poet,

He prayeth best who loveth best all things both great and small,

For the dear God who loveth us, He made and loveth all.

The words of Carlyle might be quoted, who says of the Book of Job and of these descriptions in particular, “so true every way; true eyesight and vision for all things; material things no less than spiritual” ( Heroes, Lect. ii), were it not that this writer’s raptures are so often founded on intellectual mistake and imperfect appreciation of facts, and are therefore, like all such ideal raptures, only nauseous.

Consult other comments:

Job 39:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Job 39:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Job 39:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Job 39:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Job 39:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Job 39:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Job 39:1 - Commentary on the Holy Bible by Thomas Coke

Job 39:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Job 39:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Job 39:1 - Expositors Bible Commentary

Job 39:1 - Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Job 39:1 - Expositor's Dictionary of Text by Robertson

Job 39:1 - F.B. Meyer's Through the Bible Commentary

Job 39:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Job 39:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Job 39:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Job 39:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Job 39:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Job 39:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Job 39:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Job 39:1 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Job 39:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Job 39:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Job 39:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Job 39:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Job 39:1 - Church Pulpit Commentary

Job 39:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Job 39:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Job 39:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Job 39:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Job 39:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Job 39:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Job 39:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Job 39:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 39:1 - Whedon's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges