Verses of Job 23

Job 23 Summary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Ch. 23 24. Job’s Reply to the Third Speech of Eliphaz. Job continues to miss any Moral Government of the World by God

As before, in the two preceding cycles of debate, Job’s mind is too much absorbed in contemplation of the painful mystery of God’s providence, which he had set before his view in ch. 21, to be able yet to turn away from it and give attention to the direct charges of wickedness which Eliphaz made against him (ch. Job 22:1-10). The riddle of the painful earth still fascinates him, the injustice and cruel wrong that goes unpunished, the misery of the poor and innocent, and the peaceful end of flagrant transgressors, who are “of those who rebel against the light” (ch. Job 24:13). What he misses in the world is any true retributive rule of God (ch. Job 24:1), who “gives no heed to wrong” (ch. Job 24:12). The two chapters give broad expression to this thought, first, in reference to Job himself, ch. 23; and second, in regard to the world of mankind in general, ch. 24.


Ch. 23. The mysterious injustice suffered by Job at the hand of God

First, Job 23:2-7, with his mind full of the sense of his own innocence, and of the mysterious wrong which he suffers from God, Job gives new and importunate expression to the wish that he knew where to find God, and that he could come to His tribunal and judgment-seat. Then he would set his cause fully before Him, and hear from the Almighty His plea against him, sure that his innocence would appear and that he would be delivered for ever from his judge.

Second, Job 23:8-12, from this dream of a judgment-seat of God such as the judgment-seat of a human judge who would “give heed” to him, Job suddenly awakens to the feeling of what his actual position is. He cannot find God, whose presence he feels; He everywhere eludes him. Nay, He does this of purpose, knowing Job’s innocence and that if He tried him he would come forth as gold, for all his life long he has kept His way and not departed from the commandments of His lips.

Third, Job 23:13-17. But He is unchangeable in His purpose. He has resolved to destroy Job, and who can turn Him from that on which He has set His mind? It is this arbitrary, mysterious way of God that confounds and paralyses Job’s mind, not his calamities or his death in itself.

Verses of Job 23

Consult other comments:

Job 23:0 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Job 23:0 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Job 23:0 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Job 23:0 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Job 23:0 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Job 23:0 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges