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Nehemiah 12:1 Commentary - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

1. Now these … Jeshua ] Cf. Ezr 2:1.

For the list beginning with Seraiah, see the parallel list of names in Neh 10:3-9 and Neh 12:12-21. The Ezra mentioned in this verse and Neh 12:13 must not be confounded with ‘the Scribe:’ he appears in Neh 10:3 as Azariah.

The following table gives a comparison of the three lists:

Neh 10:3-9.

Neh 12:1-7.

Neh 12:12-21.

(1) Seraiah

Seraiah

Seraiah

(2) Azariah

Jeremiah

Jeremiah

(3) Jeremiah

Ezra

Ezra

(4) Pashhur

Amariah

Amariah

(5) Amariah

Malluch

Malluchi

(6) Malchijah

Hattush

(wanting)

(7) Hattush

Shecaniah

Shebaniah

(8) Shebaniah

Rehum

Harim

(9) Malluch

Meremoth

Meraioth

(10) Harim

Iddo

Iddo

(11) Meremoth

Ginnethoi

Ginnethon

(12) Obadiah

Abijah

Abijah

(13) Daniel

Mijamin

Miniamin

(14) Ginnethon

Maadiah

Moadiah

(15) Baruch

Bilgah

Bilgah

(16) Meshullam

Shemaiah

Shemaiah

(17) Abijah

and Joiarib

Joiarib

(18) Mijamin

Jedaiah

Jedaiah

(19) Maaziah

Sallu

Sallai

(20) Bilgai

Amok

Amok

(21) Shemaiah

Hilkiah

Hilkiah

(22)

Jedaiah

Jedaiah

We have, therefore, 22 priestly houses recorded, and there can be little doubt that the number 24 had been restored, but that two of the names have dropped out either in the course of transcription or in consequence of the defectiveness of the original lists. Of the four priestly houses who are mentioned in the lists of Ezra 2 and Nehemiah 7 as having gone up out of the captivity with Zerubbabel, i.e. Jedaiah, Immer, Pashhur, Harim, we find here the names of (22) Jedaiah and (8) Rehum = Harim. Immer may possibly be concealed in the name of (4) Amariah. Pashhur has dropped out entirely. The opinion of some is that the similarity of names in these lists is accidental, and that the three lists give us the names of individuals living at three different periods, Neh 12:1-7 in the days of Zerubbabel, Neh 10:1-8 in the days of Eliashib, Neh 12:12-21 in the days of Joiakim, which happen very often to resemble one another. But the improbability of this needs no demonstration.

Neh 11:1 to Neh 12:26 . Extracts from Registers and Public Lists

1, 2. Measures taken to increase the number of dwellers in Jerusalem.

This passage seems to take up the thread which had been dropped at Neh 7:4. Nehemiah had been rendered anxious by the fewness of the inhabitants in proportion to the size of the area of the city. The census which he undertook reminded him of the old register which had come to his notice (Neh 7:6-73); the memoirs of Nehemiah were then interrupted by a description of the celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles, and the Solemn Covenant (8 10). The Compiler returning to the subject of the paucity of dwellers in Jerusalem, briefly describes the method adopted of increasing their number, probably epitomizing the account which Nehemiah’s own Memoirs contained.

Consult other comments:

Nehemiah 12:1 - Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Nehemiah 12:1 - Joseph Benson’s Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Nehemiah 12:1 - The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

Nehemiah 12:1 - B.H. Carroll's An Interpretation of the English Bible

Nehemiah 12:1 - Through the Bible Commentary

Nehemiah 12:1 - Adam Clarke's Commentary and Critical Notes on the Bible

Nehemiah 12:1 - College Press Bible Study Textbook Series

Nehemiah 12:1 - Companion Bible Notes, Appendices and Graphics

Nehemiah 12:1 - Expository Notes of Dr. Constable (Old and New Testaments)

Nehemiah 12:1 - Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (Old and New Testaments)

Nehemiah 12:1 - F. B. Hole's Old and New Testaments Commentary

Nehemiah 12:1 - Gaebelein's Annotated Bible (Commentary)

Nehemiah 12:1 - Garner-Howes Baptist Commentary

Nehemiah 12:1 - Geneva Bible Notes

Nehemiah 12:1 - John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Nehemiah 12:1 - Grant's Commentary on the Bible

Nehemiah 12:1 - Smith's Writings on 24 Books of the Bible

Nehemiah 12:1 - Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Nehemiah 12:1 - Matthew Henry's Whole Bible Commentary

Nehemiah 12:1 - Biblical Illustrator Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Nehemiah 12:1 - Commentaries on the New Testament and Prophets

Nehemiah 12:1 - Jamieson, Fausset and Brown's Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Nehemiah 12:1 - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Nehemiah 12:1 - William Kelly Major Works (New Testament)

Nehemiah 12:1 - The Popular Commentary on the Bible by Kretzmann

Nehemiah 12:1 - A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical by Lange

Nehemiah 12:1 - An Exposition on the Whole Bible

Nehemiah 12:1 - The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

Nehemiah 12:1 - Peake's Commentary on the Bible

Nehemiah 12:1 - Commentary Series on the Bible by Peter Pett

Nehemiah 12:1 - English Annotations on the Holy Bible by Matthew Poole

Nehemiah 12:1 - The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary Edited by Joseph S. Exell

Nehemiah 12:1 - The Complete Pulpit Commentary

Nehemiah 12:1 - Old and New Testaments Restoration Commentary

Nehemiah 12:1 - The Bible of the Expositor and the Evangelist by Riley

Nehemiah 12:1 - Scofield Reference Bible Notes

Nehemiah 12:1 - Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Nehemiah 12:1 - John Trapp's Complete Commentary (Old and New Testaments)

Nehemiah 12:1 - The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nehemiah 12:1 - You Can Understand the Bible: Study Guide Commentary Series by Bob Utley

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges